No Due Guard! He Can't
be a Mason. Can He?
by Nelson King
I am a Master Mason. Try me and prove me.
No, I don't have a Due Guard. What's a Due Guard? I have a dues card!
I don't know what you mean by Blue Lodge. I belong to a Craft Lodge.
You say my signs in all the Degrees seem strange to you. Your signs are just
as confusing to me.
Landmarks? No, my Grand Lodge does not have any Landmarks ancient or
otherwise. Working Tools? Yes we have Working Tools.
What are they? In the First Degree, they are the 24-Inch Gauge, the Common
Gavel, and the Chisel. In the Second Degree, they are the Square, the Level,
and the Plumb Rule. In the Third Degree, they are the Skirret, the Pencil, and
What is a Skirret? Well a Skirret is an implement which acts on a center pin
from which a line is drawn out to mark the ground much like a chalk line.
No there is not a Trowel to be seen anywhere in my Lodge.
Yes, we have Volume of the Sacred Law.
What passage is it opened at? Well in the First Degree, it is opened at Ruth
IV verse 7. Why? Because it tells of Boaz and being slipshod. In the Second
Degree the Volume of the Sacred Law is opened at Judges XII verse 6, because
it tells us of the password in the Second Degree and of the forty and two
thousand that were slain. In the Third Degree the Volume of the Sacred Law is
opened at Ecclesiastes XII, you know the passage "Remember now thy Creator in
the days of thy youth." No. I have never heard of the Volume of the
Sacred Law being opened at Psalms 133.
Jewels? Yes, we have Jewels. We have Moveable and Immoveable Jewels. What are
they? My Moveable Jewels are the Square, the Level, and the Plumb Rule, and my
Immoveable Jewels are the Rough and Perfect Ashlars and the Tracing Board.
Yes! I am sure. The Moveable Jewels are moveable because they are worn by the
Master and his Wardens and are transferable to their successors at
Installation. The Immoveable Jewels are immoveable because they lie open in
the Lodge in all Degrees for the Brethren to moralize on. I understand they
used be to your Moveable and Immovable Jewels, that is until the Baltimore
Convention of 1843. And we also have a Tracing Board, which is for the
Worshipful Master to lay lines on and draw designs on.
No, I have never heard of a Trestle Board.
Who wears the Hat in my Lodge? No one of course. The only head coverings
allowed are those worn for religious proposes, such as a Yarmulka. Yes that is
right my Master does not wear a hat. Why? Because our Lodges have been
consecrated with Wine, Corn, Oil and prayers to the Almighty, consecrated to
the Brotherhood of Man under the Fatherhood of God, and you do not cover up
your head on consecrated ground, unless it is a part of your religion, it is
like being in Church.
Yes, in my Lodge I can walk in front of the Master, between him and the Altar,
which, by the way, is in the center of the room, always moving from left to
right, turning at right angles at each corner. It is called Squaring the Lodge
and dates back to the time when what we now know as floor cloths were drawn on
the floor with chalk. You Squared the Lodge so that you would not erase the
Yes, we have pillars in my Lodge. No, they do not have celestial and
terrestrial globes. They are adorned with chapiters, and these chapiters or
bowls are enriched with net-work, lily-work, and pomegranates. Network from
the connection of its meshes, denotes unity, lily-work from its whiteness
denotes purity and pomegranates from the exuberance of their seeds denote
Yes, we have the Letter G. No, it is not suspended in the East. The letter G,
denoting GOD, is suspended in the center of the Lodge Room. Why? Because it
says so in a part of the closing ceremony in the Second Degree. You know,
where the Worshipful Master says.
Worshipful Master: Bro. Junior Warden, in this character what have you
Junior Warden: A sacred symbol, Worshipful Sir.
Worshipful Master: Bro. Senior Warden, where is it situated?
Senior Warden: In the center of the building, Worshipful Sir.
Worshipful Master: Bro. Junior Warden, to whom does it allude?
Junior Warden: To God, The Grand Geometrician of The Universe, Worshipful Sir.
No, we don't have Stated Meetings. Yes, we conduct Lodge business. It is done
during our Regular Meeting. No as I said we don't have Stated Meetings, we
only have Regular and Emergent Meetings. What's an Emergent Meeting? An
Emergent Meeting is any meeting called by the Worshipful Master that is not a
Regular Meeting. No, we don't do our Lodge Business in the Third Degree. We do
all the Lodge Work in the Entered Apprentice Degree the only reason to go to
the Fellowcraft or Master Mason Degree is to confer those degrees. Lodge is
always Opened in the First Degree and is always closed in the First Degree. If
you have just raised a Candidate to the Sublime Degree of a Master Mason, you
must close in the Third Degree, then the Second Degree and finally in the
Our Entered Apprentices are expected to take part in all voting, serve on
committees, learn and perform ritual work in the Degree that they have, and
are considered full Masons even entitled to Masonic Funerals. And yes, you
also used to do all your Lodge work in the First Degree. Again, this change
was due to the Baltimore Convention in 1843.
No. I have never heard of a Middle Chamber, but we have one ceremony. It is
not a Degree. It is only opened after the Third Degree and only on
Installation Night. It is called the Board of Installed Masters, where only
Installed Masters and Past Masters are permitted, with the exception of the
Master Elect. Here, the Master Elect takes a further Obligation as regards the
Secrets of the Master's chair. Here he receives the Grip and Word of an
Installed Master and the sign and salutation of a Master of Arts and Sciences.
He is then Installed in the Chair of King Solomon. The Board is then closed.
All Master Masons are invited back to the Lodge Room. The new Master is then
presented to the Master Masons, and the Master is given an explanation of the
Working Tools of the Third Degree. The Lodge is then Closed in the Third
Degree and all Fellowcraft are invited back to the Lodge Room, where they are
presented to the new Master, and he is given an explanation of the Working
tools of the Second Degree. The Lodge is then closed in the Second Degree and
all Masons are invited back into the Lodge Room. Once again, all are presented
and the working tools explained. Then all other Officers are invested as
Officers of the Lodge. The Worshipful Master is the only one who is installed.
Can I give you the Master Mason=s word? Yes, I can, but it is really two words
and can be only given on The Five Points of Fellowship and in a whisper. Yes
in a whisper, not an in low breathe and yes, it is two words.
Am I a Master Mason? Try me and prove me.
I am a part of a worldwide group of Masons whose ritual is called Emulation
Ritual. In The Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario, our Ritual is
called The Work and it is an Emulation Type Ritual.
Emulation is one of the oldest post‑Union workings. It may well be the oldest,
but in view of rival claims and in the absence of complete proof, this
question cannot be answered with certainty. There are two points about
Emulation that seem to put it into a class of its own:
(a) As a Lodge of Instruction, it goes back to 1823, with continuous existence
(b) It is today the best organized of all the named rituals, having had a
governing body to 'protect' it throughout its history, and in that respect, I
believe it far outstrips all other named forms.
Bro. C. F. W. Dyer, in his, Emulation Ritual To Remember, which is the
standard history of the Emulation Lodge of Improvement, published in
connection with its sesquicentennial in 1973, shows that the founders
experienced difficulties in its formation, because Lodges of Instruction at
that time had to be sponsored by a Lodge. The Emulation founders had decided
that their Lodge of Instruction was to be for Master Masons only (as it is
today), and the Lodges which were invited to act as sponsors were not ready to
accept that restriction. Eventually, the Emulation Lodge of Instruction was
sponsored, on 27 November 1823, by the Lodge of Hope, then No. 7, whose
Master, Joseph Dennis, was one of Emulation's original members.
Is Emulation the original or oldest form now worked in England? It is
certainly one of the oldest, but it would be impossible to say whether it is
the original. As Bro. Dyer explains:
No official record has ever been found of the Lodge of Reconciliation Ritual
that was approved by the Grand Lodge.
Emulation is probably as near to the forms then prescribed as any of the
workings surviving from that period. Its principal virtue is that it has
enjoyed a proper continuity of control of its forms ever since its foundation.
In England in 1813 the two rival Grand Lodges, the Ancients and the Moderns
amalgamated after sixty years of savage hostility, and formed the United Grand
Lodge of England. After the Union, which is post-Union, the ritual was totally
revised to make it acceptable to both parties. That is when many of the
distinctive portions of the pre-Union ritual were jettisoned. That is when the
two adopted substitute words came into use; one belonged to the Ancients and
one to the Moderns, and they could not agree which was right, so they kept
both. By the way, the Ancients were the modern group and the moderns were the
oldest group, but that is a different story. And that is why my ritual differs
so much from yours. That and the Baltimore Convention of 1843 when you decided
to do all your work in the Third Degree, and changed the Moveable Jewels to
the Immovable Jewels, in order that you could keep out all Cowans and
Eavesdroppers. This National Masonic Convention even changed the Due Guard in
the First and Third Degrees. Due Guards, that I don't have.
The work of well over half the Lodges under the English Constitution and the
standard work of several overseas Constitutions including the Grand Lodge of
Canada in the Province of Ontario is based on the Emulation Ritual.
No, I don't have a Due Guard. But I am a Master Mason. Try me and prove me.
By what instruments of architecture will I be tried? By the Square and
Compasses the well-known symbols of Masonry, which convey the abstract means
and end of the Science in a most clear and comprehensive manner, Worshipful
P.S. Some Grand Lodges don't even use dues cards.