Note: This material was scanned into text files for the sole purpose of
convenient electronic research. This material is NOT intended as a
reproduction of the original volumes. However close the material is to
becoming a reproduced work, it should ONLY be regarded as a textual
reference. This version was scanned , edited and copyrighted at
Phoenixmasonry by Ralph W. Omholt, PM, Librarian in June 2007.
MRS. MARTHA ZOERCHER
Past Worthy Grand Matron of Indiana
Editor of "The Eastern Star"
little book comes to you at the urgent request of Worthy Matrons who, in
planning their programs for the year, discover a need for material dealing
with the Heroines of the Order.
a valuable book, too, for each Star Point to keep and read as it presents a
wide range of in depth material to make the lives and lessons of the five
Heroines more meaningful.
dedicate this effort to the thousands of earnest sisters who have presented
the lessons of the Five Points to those who have sought admission to our
preparation for our suggested "Star Point Nights," much must be left to the
ingenuity of the presiding officer or to the committee appointed to arrange
for the presentation.
would recommend that on the evenings set aside for the programs, all those who
have served at the "Point" to be presented be invited and introduced as
special guests, and that some token be presented. It may be a single flower, a
Star Point favor, a neatly‑printed program or anything that the finances of
the chapter will permit; that the decorations and appointments as far as
practical be carried out in the colors and emblems of the "Point" honored.
giving the three dramatized programs, as far as possible use the costumes of
the time portrayed, although this may be omitted if desired. Songs and poems
may be omitted, or changed to suit the occasion.
events, let the evenings be as dignified and sacred as our Order would have
it, but let all be imbued with the joy and happiness that comes with the close
association in our work.
STARS ON MEMORY'S WALL
often is their story told,
stand like pictures framed in gold,
needs not pen nor painter's art
trace them deeply on the heart,
stretched on Fancy's brightest wall
them now - they come at call.
maiden stands with brow serene,
soon will close life's earthly scene:
Behind, Judea's mountains loom,
at her feet the violets bloom;
azure dome bends o'er the whole,
emblem of her own true soul.
veil obscures that undimmed eye,
dauntless, firm, she comes to die.
simple, past'ral sketch, a harvest field,
Familiar to our eyes from earliest years;
one who stands homesick, fatigued, forlorn;
her hands the tiny fruits of toil,
her heart the widow's lonely wail,
God who marked her self‑denying vow
childless, lone Naomi, watches yet,
soon her heart shall sing for joy.
Rejoice to court her lovely face within
hall of storied paintings. Jessamine wreathed
circled round with golden fruitage bright
her still - our faithful, constant Ruth.
vision fair - a Persian throne,
queen beloved, yet all unknown,
of a captive, exiled race,
very life, whose hour of grace
now upon her fealty.
unto the king," she saith,
"Although to go be instant death!
I perish" - Oh! the cry
that true heart! "I shall but die!"
woman in her loyalty.
read the story in her face,
"Tender and true," its lines of grace.
well we know that steadfast mein,
lost the Jewess in the Queen,
embalm her constancy.
vision flies, and Martha's face
outlined in its destined place;
again that lonely home,
O'ershadowed by Death's sable plume;
share with her bereavement dread,
all earth's households mourn their dead;
sweetly came Christ's meaning plain:
"Because I live ye live again."
rose to make that faith secure,
thus we read this teaching pure:
though Death's angel comes to all,
"One by one each link must fall,"
faith can see our golden chain
its severed links again.
last of our five pictures rare,
fancy's pen has traced in air,
Electa, whose brave faith
lustre to a martyr's death;
seems a type of those who stand
help earth's weak with heart and hand,
Forgetting self in deeds of love,
sure reward - the life above.
LEARNING FROM THE STAR POINTS
Rays of the Star, in the Order of the Eastern Star, may be used in many and
varied ways for instruction, interest and entertainment.
Friendship Night we may remember that Adah went to the mountains, followed by
her friends. Ruth found friends among Naomi's people. Esther offered her life
for her kindred and friends. Martha's great reason for fame is that she was a
friend of Jesus. Electa spent her life ministering to her friends.
with other virtues and other special meetings. We can find the virtue or its
associations in the life of each of our heroines. That is why so many of our
programs include, in some way, some of the virtues of the Star Point Rays. The
history and meanings of the colors may be added to these to make the
references more real and startlingly dramatic.
Eleventh chapter of Judges tells the story, short and without embellishment,
of Jephthah and his vow and how his daughter helped in its fulfillment.
Jephthah had a history of difficulties with other chiefs because of his lowly
birth, so that he resented it when he was asked to help defeat the Ammonites.
However, he made a bargain concerning what each would offer if he came home
victorious; then he vowed to the Lord that if success were his, that he would
present for a burnt offering whatever came forth from the doors of his house
to meet him on his return from victory.
moment he had forgotten how his beloved only child, a daughter, always came to
meet him. Although, in the fulfillment of prophecy, perhaps Adah had lived for
this. Being a warrior's daughter, she knew that a soldier's honor ranked high,
and she must not make her father's sacrifice any harder, so she agreed at
However, she asked for two months, to bewail her virginity and many do not
understand the significance of this. She had been reared in a religion that
watched for the Messiah, believing that He would be born of her people. Every
pure girl must have dreamed that perhaps she would be the mother and through
her would come the blessing of the world. Certainly, she knew that when she
gave up her life to preserve her father's honor that grand hope was also
went to the mountains where the blue of fidelity would strengthen her
resolves. Blue skies, blue vistas, blue waters, the blue of the night sky . .
. so the blue of fidelity came into being. Personally she gained nothing but
her self‑respect, obedience to her father, her religion and her own code of
honor. But she also gained recognition that has lasted through the centuries!
Few women are mentioned in Holy Scriptures and few women through the ages have
been as influential. So we cannot judge the worth of her sacrifice, but we can
applaud its far‑reaching results.
name "Adah" means ornament. Although the name does not appear in Scripture, it
appropriate for her spirit and character were beautiful and truly an ornament
to her father's life.
violet is associated with this Ray because it is associated with loyalty and
meekness. The ideals exemplified here are self‑sacrifice, integrity, and
obedience. The open Bible signifies that only the Word of God may direct the
individual in the right way in which to go.
land of Moab, a childless widow had a poor lot and yet was entitled to the
charity of the family.
chose the harder way - that of toil for her‑self and her aged mother‑in‑law.
Although of alien background, Ruth's womanly sweetness made the people of the
little town of Bethlehem admire and call her the ideal daughter‑in‑law, wife
story of Ruth is one of the most beautiful in Scripture and is considered by
many to be truly historical. Ruth always seemed to be able to do the right
thing at the right time and never gave herself to grieve or indulge in
self‑pity. She served in all ways, steadfast and in humility.
tribal custom Ruth gleaned in the fields of Boaz, a kinsman of Naomi. Boaz was
a man of God, of high morals and intelligence, and he appreciated Ruth's quiet
loveliness, her inborn purity, and succeeded in his desire to win her for his
wife. Thus a lovely stranger in Judah was raised from obscurity
influence and renown. The House of David sprang from this lineage, finally
leading to Mary, whose Son was destined to be the savior of mankind.
proved that love and womanly virtues combined, can shed a ray, like golden
sunshine. She proves that the womanly ways of goodness can win great rewards
yellow Jessamine is a flower of humility yet its color glows as a golden
harvest of beauty.
must always remain true to our convictions, and in love, know that no service
is too humble to earn great rewards. Sincerity added radiance to all that Ruth
Book of Esther is more historical than Scriptural. The name of God does not
appear once in this book. The entire story is a patriotic symbol to a
persecuted people who realize the ultimate triumph of justice. Modern stories
that attribute all the virtues of grace and courage to a fifteen year old girl
do not take into consideration that Esther's uncle, Mordecai, was wise in the
ways of kings and court matters and had instructed Esther as well in ways of
courage and loyalty.
rose from a humble origin to a position as Queen. Her name appears fifty‑five
times in this short Bible book. She dedicated her life to the welfare of the
people instead of basking in the luxury of the court.
Esther learned of the terrible danger con‑fronting her people she did not
hesitate. However, Mordecai's question of her: "Who knoweth whether thou art
cone to the kingdom for such a time as this?" is perhaps a continuing
challenge to all women of all times.
Scriptural story is perfectly told. It builds up to moments of drama. Esther
had a choice: banishment with the other Jews or confronting the king with
possible death for herself. Her acceptance of the challenge makes the color
white a constant re‑minder of the virtues of prudence, intelligence,
fearlessness and deep insight.
lily is symbolic of Esther's purity.
story of Martha and Mary is a story of contrasts between the idealistic Mary
and the practical Martha. When the founders of the Eastern Star out‑lined the
ritualistic work they understood that the greater number of members would not
be dreamers and poets, but would be the Marthas, the home‑makers, the women
who face the everyday tasks, so they chose Martha for the important fourth
point of the Star.
belongs to the gallery of famous Bible women. It was to Martha that Jesus
spoke the ringing words that have comforted those in grief even to this day.
Martha holds another honor for she was a friend of Jesus. He often visited
with the family.
Martha's faith and trust make her memorable throughout time, but the passages
telling the story not only dignify the talent of homemakers and honor those
who serve, but her growing tolerance and understanding are also recognized.
Jesus impressed upon the sisters that it is a good thing to take time to live,
to listen, and to take time for friends.
triumph of trustful faith is our constant re‑minder when we see the color
green. It is the ever fresh and forever growing concept of immortality.
story of Electa tells of the courage of women - that did much to raise the
standard of woman‑hood at a time when those standards were very low.
letter to the Elect Lady has been debated since early times, but her identity
is still unsolved. The word "Lady" occurs only six times in the Bible, twice
in this letter, which signifies nobility. The Elect Lady was truly one of the
elect of God. She is de‑scribed as being pre‑eminent in charity and raising
her children in Christian truth and love.
was martyred, but believed in the lesson of the Resurrection so she died
steadfast. She knew that principles never die. She taught us that belief must
go with good works if it is to survive.
loyalty to her Christian faith makes her one of the most respected women in
the Bible and the warm shade of courageous red, the glow of setting suns,
brings powerful mother love to our minds. We who follow must have the strength
to resist evil associations and tyrannic threats and live as Jesus taught.
honor and praise those stories of old,
found in the message divine; Portrayed at the points of the beautiful star,
its teachings forevermore shine.
story of Adah, heroic and brave,
marked by the color of blue;
Ruth, in yellow, the sheaf in her hand,
of loyalty, fervent and true.
learn from the life of Esther the queen,
valiant, courageous and brave;
robe of white, the scepter did touch,
venture, her people to save.
green there is Martha of implicit faith In the miracles.
Mournfully cried: "If only thou hadst been here, then
brother had not died."
in red, with her virtues sublime,
humanity, charity, love;
banner unfurled to the wants of the world;
command from the Father above.
the lessons of life, so noble and true,
told at the points of the star,
guiding light for woman today,
lands here at home and afar.
reverence the lives of those women of old,
learned from the Bible each day;
follow the path where'er it may lead,
lamp to our feet alway.
hail to the wonderful Eastern Star!
its colors ride on, in speed -
its blue, yellow, white, her green and red,
ever be found in the lead.
HISTORY OF THE FIVE‑POINTED STAR AND OTHER STARS
Religion, legend and tradition and even our every‑day decorative ideas give
stars importance. The Order of the Eastern Star bases its lessons on the
teachings of the Bible. Matthew 2:2: For we have seen His Star in the East,
and are come to worship Him.
five‑pointed star in prehistoric wisdom was called the Star of Beauty, and was
once called the symbol of health and it was held to be a talisman against
witchcraft. The symbol used, with the pentagram within, can be made in one
continuous movement and it seems as if the points are interlaced to form the
star. This five‑pointed star is known as the Pentacle or Pentagram. It is told
that this symbol was used as a badge by the members of the Pythagorian School
and is said to have signified health to these ancient philosophers.
of this kind are also used in Northern India on utensils, particularly on
domestic objects. The symbol is used by the people as a protective amulet or
charm to prevent scorpion stings and fever.
ancient times the five‑pointed star or pentagram was used by one venerated
mystic order to symbolize the numeral five, and disorder, or fall, death,
disease, corruption and putrefaction . . . but most people held a different
five‑pointed star had a strong significance among many ancient peoples.
According to Pythagoras, there were five elements, the first four being
air, fire and water and the fifth being of a celestial nature or a
quintessence. It was considered to be the first matter and the other elements
were supposed to be conceived from this fifth one. Thus it was the immortal
mind force. It was the power, the quality and the virtue of each and
everything in nature. Through its power and its activity, all objects are
mutually attracted or repelled in accordance with their polarities.
philosophies gave other star forms a deep significance. The six‑pointed star
was a symbol of the Creator. It is the true interlaced triangles and a symbol
of perfection. This star is used in many of the Jewish synagogues and is
called the shield of David. Some ancient orders accepted the triangle as a
symbol of perfection and so the interlaced triangles represented the
perfection of the law of duality on both the material and spiritual planes.
seven‑pointed star represents the seven days of the week, the seven branches
to the candlestick of Moses, the seven churches of Asia, the seven mysterious
seals, the seven stars in the right hand of God and the point of unity of the
triangles on the finite and infinite planes.
eight‑pointed star represents stability and suggests that the spiritual and
material planes are in harmony with each other. Number four or the square is
the symbol of stability and dependability, so twice four, or eight, depicts
stability on both planes.
nine‑pointed star is emblematic of spirituality, love, joy, peace, temperance
and goodness, in fact,
the spiritual virtues. Nine is a mystical number, and alludes to the ultimate
completion and final perfection of any great undertaking, and it is also an
ancient symbol for the triangle.
twelve‑pointed star alludes to the Disciples and has this sacred significance.
It alludes also to the Council of Divine Wisdom, the gathering of the
Prophets, the conclave of the holy masters that have dwelt among men.
ancient mythology Hesper was Venue as the Evening Star. From this, Italy and
Spain, both situated in the west where the sun sets, were called Hesperia or
the Western Land.
greater significance to members of the Eastern Star are these passages from
the Bible: REVELATIONS 22:16. I am the root and the off‑spring of David, and
the bright and morning star. (In the East, the morning star was always so
bright that it guided travelers on their way.) II PETER 1 :19 . . . as unto a
light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise
in your hearts.
CORINTHIANS 15:41 . . . for one Star differeth from another Star in glory.
last, but not least: MATTHEW 2:10 . . . when they saw the Star, they rejoiced
with exceeding great joy.
is with joy in our hearts that we follow in His footsteps with the Star in the
East as our guiding light.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE STAR POINTS AS EASTERN STAR SYMBOLS
presenting a short history of the Star Point heroines it is difficult to get a
comprehensive picture without infringing on the origins of Masonry for the two
have had a spiritual tie through the ages.
great majority of searchers into antiquity agree that both Freemasonry and the
Order of the Eastern Star originated in the ancient mysteries and similar
orders established thousands of years before Christ. In fact, most writers on
this subject trace the rituals of religious and fraternal organizations to the
ancient "Drama of Faith," the old "Osirian Passion‑Play," having the Trinity:
Osiris, Isis and Horus. However this may be, all the ancient orders had women
members. In some cases these women seemed to have a predominant role.
Rev. Joseph Fort Newton in his book, "The Builders," credits the Greater and
Lesser Mysteries with the Signs, Tokens, Grips and Passwords. He believes that
Freemasonry originated in the Greater Mysteries and the Order of the Eastern
Star originated in the Lesser Mysteries. In any case, the Egyptians
represented the number five by a star having five rays. Occasionally the
center of this star had the rays of the sun or an eye to represent Osiris. So
we see that the star has long been closely associated with ancient symbolism.
Thesaurus of 1793 lists the five rays of the star as Master Masons' daughters,
Master Masons' widows, Master Masons' wives, Master Masons' sis‑
and Master Masons' wives' sisters. It was not until 1869 that this last point
was changed to Master Masons' mothers.
these early Constellations the officers consisted of Sister Principal, Vice
Principal, and five Sisters of Rays . . . namely, Ray Blue, Ray Orange, Ray
White, Ray Green, Ray Red, Treasurer and Secretary. A great many women were
initiated into these Orders, yet the Orders were never considered eminently
successful, and later, the Families were organized. However, in the Mosaic
Book of 1855 of the American Adoptive Rite, the name Constellation is
represented by five Stars within a circle. The "Pillars" are the five male
officers who fix the time and place of meetings, nominate their successors,
and appoint the five female officers who were called "Correspondents" and who
represented the five Points of the Star.
five "Correspondents" were: LUNA - who impersonated Adah in the drama, FLORA -
who impersonated Ruth in the drama, HERE - who impersonated Esther in the
drama, THETIS - who impersonated Martha in the drama and who acted as
Conductress, AREME - who impersonated Electa in the drama.
Previous to 1856, the Rays were called Jephthah's Daughter, Ruth, Esther,
Martha and Electa, but at about that time Robert Morris caused the name Adah
to be substituted for Jephthah's Daughter.
1865 the Rosary of the Order of the Eastern star again accents both the duty
and the beauty of the Star Point Sisters.
Pike, whose name is well known to Masons everywhere, asserts that while women
could not be admitted to share the grand mysteries of Freemasonry, there
should be a Masonry for them for their assistance and protection, and that by
their ties of association and mutual obligation they also could aid the cause
of human progress. He feels that his expectations have been admirably
fulfilled. The Rituals of the Order are based on five historic female
characters of the Bible, the Talmud and Josephus, whose lives exemplify many
JEPHTHAH'S DAUGHTER - Respect for the binding force of a vow.
the widow - Constancy and faithfulness to right and duty.
- Fidelity to kindred and friends.
- Faith and belief in eternal life.
- Patience and submission under wrongs of persecution.
Whether we study our Star Point heroines historically or traditionally, the
stories are inspiring and beautiful. Our present day heroines are adding many
chapters of fine and enduring service to the book of knowledge already
Points to our Star . . . five lessons in faith, Pure beauty to service they
add; Five fine examples of true worth and love, Whose duty can make the heart
are our heroines - beloved of all, In Sisterhood's radiance here, While
gracing our floor, as in days of yore, To us they grow ever more dear.
MEANINGS OF THE FIVE STAR POINT COLORS
is one of the seven primary colors, located in the solar spectrum between
green and violet.
sky is emblematic of serenity. Mythology made the sky the abode of the divine
spirits and naturally the color of the heavens acquired the attribute of
divine intelligence. The color name of blue is usually lacking from the
language of the lower civilizations. The sky or heaven is mentioned at least
four hundred times in the Bible but the color blue is not mentioned.
Vedas sky is mentioned but blue is not. In the Rigveda neither blue nor green
is indicated. Blue is also symbolic of solitude and even sadness. Through
association with the sky or heaven it is symbolic of hope, fidelity, serenity,
intelligence, truth, piety, wisdom, thought, serene conscience, divine
contemplation and love of divine works. The veil of Juno, the goddess of air,
is blue. Christ, Saint John, Isis, Minerva and others are often represented in
mantles of blue.
or azure is a symbol of divine eternity and human immortality. Consequently it
is a mortuary color, hence its use in covering the coffins of young persons.
When used for the garment of an angel it signifies faith and fidelity. As the
dress of the Virgin it indicates modesty. In the Catholic Church it signifies
humility and expiation.
has a special or unusual significance in custom, literature and legend. For
instance: Blue blood, a Spanish phrase meaning of noble descent; Coventry
Blue, a permanent dye; Blue Books, books of special record; Blue Monday, the
Monday before Lent, formerly spent in dissipation, now referred to as a dreary
Monday of work after a week end of pleasure; and Blue pencil, used to change
or remove portions of a manuscript.
blazonry, azure abbreviated to "AZ," signifies chastity, loyalty, fidelity and
a spotless reputation. It is engraved by parallel lines drawn "in feas" or
church decoration, blue and green are used for ordinary Sundays and blue for
all weekdays after Trinity Sunday.
metals it is represented by tin.
precious stones it is represented by the sapphire. In the planets it stands
Stardom, it is the Star Point color of Adah and represents the sky when all
clouds have vanished and symbolizes fidelity.
is one of the three primary colors of the spectrum. With blue it forms green,
with red it forms orange.
word yellow comes from the Latin word meaning "light bay" and a Greek word
signifying "young verdure," which was greenish yellow.
apparent color of the sun, yellow is held sacred by some primitive tribes and
it is the national color of China. Strong light increases the intensity of
yellow while most colors are dimmed. Lemon and canary yellow are considered
pure yellow. Violet and yellow are complimentary to each other and if these
two colors are mixed, they will produce white light.
Harvest shades suggest fruition and plenty. Yellow ranks second to red in
primitive languages. In China yellow has been employed as a regal and sacred
color. Pure yellow is emblematic of gaiety, warmth, richness, sanctity and
Figuratively speaking, yellow sometimes means cowardly and is so used in the
expression, "yellow streak." It has a sensational value as "yellow
journalism." It has been used in the British Navy as meaning the rank of Rear
Admiral but unattached to a squadron.
Mongolian is spoken of as the yellow race and some illnesses are called
yellow, as jaundice. We also hear it referred to in age, as yellow with age.
heraldry and in ecclesiastical symbolism yellow is frequently used in place of
gold. In heraldry it is known as "OR," and is indicated by a plain white
field, powdered with black dots.
metals it is represented by gold and brass. In precious stones it represents
Stardom it is the color of Ruth, and symbolizes constancy, teaching faithful
obedience to the demands of honor and justice.
color white symbolizes light, purity, truth, chastity, innocence, peace,
modesty and virginity. It is synonymous in many cases to "unchanged and
unadulterated." The ancient Druids, and, indeed the priests generally of
antiquity, used to wear white vestments, as do the clergy of the Established
Church of England when they officiate in any sacred service. The Magi also
wore white robes. The white vestments of priests are emblematic of peace and
purity and this color is used at many religious festivals. Worn by the
judiciary, it symbolizes integrity. The white lily is dedicated to virginity,
truth, purity and innocence. In liturgy, white signifies purity, temperance
and innocence. As a background for the figures of saints it signifies
head of Osiris, in Egypt, was adorned with a white tiara; all his ornaments
were white and his priests were clad in white. White was sacred to Jupiter.
White horses drew his chariot and white animals were sacrificed by consuls who
were clothed in white and wore hats of white. The victims of Jupiter also wore
white. The priests of Jupiter and the Flamen Dialis of Rome wore white robes
and white hats.
Roman festivals were marked with white chalk and at the death of Caesar the
national mourning was white. In China white is also a symbol of mourning.
White horses were sacrificed to the sun. White oxen were selected for
sacrifice by the Druids and white elephants were held sacred in Siam or
Thailand. The Persians affirm that the divinities were habited in white.
whiteness and value of the pearl has extended its use in symbolism. When some
metals are heated the extreme point before melting is called white heat.
white object is white because it does not select colors, but simply reflects
all the waves of color which happen to fall on it.
heraldry it is represented by silver or argent, abbreviated "AR" or "ARG," and
is shown as a plain white field.
Stardom, white is the color appropriate to Esther, and is a symbol of light,
purity and joy. It should teach us that a pure and upright life is above any
tongue of reproach.
word green is derived from the ancient Anglo‑Saxon root word meaning "to
grow." The prevailing color of vegetation is green, owing to the presence of
chlorophyll in all external tissues not turned to wood or bark. The color
green is found in the spectrum between blue and yellow and can be made by
blending these two colors.
is indicative of life, keeping memory alive. This color name is found in
comparatively few languages of lower civilizations. In a few instances in
early history green has been a sacred color. Olive green is symbolical of
solitude and peace. Pale green has been used in the church to symbolize
Because green is the color of growing and immature plants, the term is
occasionally applied to per‑
and when thus used, it means lacking in knowledge and experience.
Wearing of the Green" is an Irish patriotic and revolutionary song dating from
1798. Green was the emblematic color adopted by the Irish nationalists. It is
the sacred color of the Mohammadans, who carry the green flag and the
background of whose prayer rugs is always green, let the design worked into
the fabric be what it may. Saturn is crowned with evergreen and the hair and
garments of Neptune, the Dryads and the Naiads are dyed with green. Many
consider the evergreen, associated with Christian Christmas, alludes to the
everlasting memory of Christ's birth.
language of symbolism, green is the color of faith, gladness, immortality, the
resurrection of the just and the gladness of the faithful.
blazonry, "vert" or green, signifies love, joy, abundance, and it is engraved
by diagonal lines drawn from dexter chief to sinister base, or from left
bottom to top right.
it signifies hope, joy, spring and youth. Among the Greeks and Moors it
Church decoration it signifies God's country, mirth, gladness, the
resurrection, and is used with blue for regular Sundays.
metals it is represented by copper.
precious stones it is represented by the emerald. In the planets it stands for
Stardom, it is the Star Point color for Martha and signifies hope and
the seventh color in the spectrum. In nearly all primitive languages red
appears, and in general is the first color name to appear. Red is relatively
rare in nature and therefore it attracts attention. In the Greek Church, red
is favored for Lent. It is prominent in the Chinese religion and customs and
is used by this race for the marriage service.
a stimulating color. It has a revolutionary meaning, especially when applied
to revolutionary socialism. It has almost the significance of a proper name
when applied to those of titian hair. As such it is a common nickname.
pertains to the North Pole of a magnet. In archery it is the innermost circle
of a target.
origin of the color red may be found in the sun. It is as old as that star and
perhaps even older. How old is the red of the rainbow? As old as the colors of
the spectrum. Red is as old as the earth it‑self, and older. We cannot trace
its origin to its beginnings, but if the colors of the rainbow are among the
first elements of nature, red was among them.
"The Language of Color," by M. Luckiesh: "Many symbols and uses of red have
often arisen from an association with blood, and thus red some‑times
represents health, tragedy, anger and allied attributes. Red has symbolized
fire, heat, war, cruelty and hatred, power and destruction." On the other
hand, red and white roses in the garland of Saint Cecelia apparently signify
love and innocence. Aurora is called the rosy fingered Goddess of Dawn.
occurs in the national flags of many nations and is one of the three colors in
our Stars and Stripes. A red cross is the symbol of the world's greatest
organization for work of mercy, the Red Cross.
planets it stands for Mars.
heraldry it is known as gules, abbreviated "GU." It is expressed by parallel
lines drawn "in pale" or perpendicular.
jewels it is represented by the ruby.
Stardom, red is the color appropriate to Electa and is a symbol of the
fervency which should actuate all who are engaged in the service of truth.
what you think that makes your world Seem dull or bright to you; Your mind can
color all things gay, Or make of them bright hue.
glad today, be clear and wise, Seek truth amid the dross; Waste neither time
nor thought about The bridge you'll never cross."
THE LESSON OF THE DAUGHTER
state in the beginning that the name of Adah does not appear in the Bible,
that she is always referred to as Jephthah's daughter, and that "Adah" was the
name given her by the founder of our Order, Dr. Robert Morris.
story of Adah is based upon the tragedy of a race that forgot God. It was in
the 12th Century, B.C., that Israel had strayed away from God, had practiced
idolatry and in every way showed their contempt for His laws; and for their
sins God had delivered them into the hands of their enemies, the Ammonites and
the Philistines, who laid waste to their country.
midst of this calamity Jephthah, a born organizer and leader, who had been
made an outcast in his own country in a family feud, gathered a formidable
army of men of a similar social standing (beggars, thieves and outlaws) and by
a rigid training brought them under the strictest discipline, and thus became
an expert in the tactics of warfare.
suffering severe calamities, Israel put away their idols and strange gods, and
humbled them‑selves before the God of heaven and besought Him with prayers and
sacrifices to deliver them from the hand of the enemy. And the Lord whose ear
is ever open to the cry of His children, heard them and sent them a deliverer.
They had an army, untrained and without a leader, and it was at this crisis
elders of Israel, some of them even were Jephthah's brothers, went to Jephthah
and implored him to be their leader. This was a bitter pill for these brothers
to approach an outcast member of their family, but in a case of absolute
necessity family feuds must be forgotten and even principles must be
Jephthah himself was greatly surprised, and it required considerable
persuasion to secure his assistance, because his prejudices had been deeply
grounded, and "the stone which the builders had rejected was become the
headstone of the corner," even against the old Jewish law which would have
forbidden him to rule the nation because of his lowly birth. And so a solemn
compact was entered into whereby if Jephthah should be victorious over their
enemies, he was to become the recognized leader of the nation.
Jephthah realized that of his own power and strength he could not accomplish
the task that lay before him, and so he besought the Lord to help him with
prayers and sacrifices. And then a mighty thing happened; the Spirit of the
Lord came upon Jephthah, and he no longer attempted to make peace with his
enemies by sending messengers back and forth, but he marshaled his forces and
passed in triumphant tread to face them in open battle.
then came this memorable vow. We are impressed with his statement to the
Ammonites when he said: "Jehovah, the Judge, be judge this day between the
children of Israel and the children of
It was at the altar in Mizpah, it would seem, that he went and made a solemn
vow to the Lord and said: "If thou wilt indeed deliver the children of Ammon
into my hand, then it shall be, that whosoever cometh forth from the doors of
my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, it
shall be Jehovah's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering." Now why was
this vow made? Did his faith falter at the last moment - did it seem
incredible that God should use him in his deliverance of the Israelites from
their enemy? Or was it a mere expression of a grateful heart for blessings
received? The battle followed. The enemy was pursued into the very heart of
their country. Twenty cities were conquered, and the whole country completely
subdued. But at what price! Jephthah was soon to realize the truth of what the
victory would cost him. That vow! We can well picture him as he returns in
triumph to Mizpah. No doubt in a brazen chariot, accompanied by armor‑clad
warriors, and the streets filled with a joyous and jubilant people.
how soon a joyous victory was to be returned into grief and distress. True at
heart in adversity, he was also true in prosperity, and the vow he had made
when he besought the strong arm of the Lord was not lost to him when he beheld
his beloved daughter, the very core of his heart, his idolized child, rush out
to greet him in his triumphant entry, and the vow he had uttered flashed
across his mind.
Jephthah presents a noble example of fidelity to his word, for he never for
one moment entertained the thought of trying to avoid the fulfillment of his
vow. We are deeply impressed by the overwhelming grief of Jephthah and the
noble self‑sacrifice of his daughter Adah, and her courageous resignation to
her fate. Jephthah's daughter arose at once to the grandeur of her situation
and bade her father keep his promise. She made one humble request: "Let me
alone two months, that I may depart and go down to the mountains, I and my
companions." Can you not picture this small group of young women, as they
spent these days together? What did they talk about? What thoughts rushed
through their minds? At the end of the allotted time they came slowly down the
side of the mountain through the narrow passes and gorges to the altar which
had been erected. In the dim vista of the past we can almost see that little
group of the fairest of the Kingdom as they approached the place where Adah
was to give her life as a sacrifice for her father's vow unto the Lord. This
she did gladly for the freedom of her country which she faithfully believed
was in answer to that vow, made in a time of deepest distress and doubt.
According to the Levitical law some sacrifices could be redeemed by the
payment of money, but not one made like Jephthah's. Not by the sacrifice of
animals; in fact, there seemed to be no exchange. Not even as in the case of
Abraham, where God pro‑
a lamb to take the place of Isaac in the sacrifice. Jephthah's case was
different; no sacrifice had been required or requested, he had offered it
freely of his own accord. Yet when his daughter came to meet him in all the
innocent beauty and purity of her young womanhood, what wonder that he
ex‑claimed in anguish, "Alas, my daughter!" But even in all the horror and
anguish that smote him he did not hesitate to say: "I have opened my mouth
unto the Lord, and I can not go back." That daughter must have been divinely
prepared for her father's statement; at least she seems not to have evinced
any surprise. The records do not show it. A worthy daughter of a worthy
father. Without even a sigh she flashed back: "My father, if thou halt opened
thy mouth unto the Lord, do to me according to that which has proceeded out of
thy mouth." The daughter was prepared fully. She approached the altar
fearlessly. She knew her father, and she freely gave her life into his hands.
two months that she had spent in communion with Jehovah prepared her for the
great surrender of her life and she met it in the clear light of the day, with
her eyes unclouded by the veil of darkness as was the custom.
Whether right or wrong, Jephthah kept his word, notwithstanding the great
sacrifice he was called upon to pay in the loss of his only child his be‑loved
hundreds of years the maidens of Israel went yearly to the mountains of Gilead
for four days to
commemorate the historic sacrifice of the daughter of Jephthah.
for sweet Adah, weep not, let the word be: "Joy to the captive, freed from
earthly dust, Joy for one witness more to woman's trust, And lasting honor,
Mizpah be the strain To her who died in the light without a stain."
hills of Mizpah bloomed the mountain maid, Blue the skies above her where she
strayed; As the light gazelle she scaled the rocky slope, Adah, child of love
from the mountain, lost to her home, Called in life's beauty to the tomb; Wake
the wild lamenting in lonely glen, She will never come again.
was her upraising, when, with maiden mirth And merry timbre], she came forth;
But, alas, the death march! day of utter gloom! 'Twas the signal of her doom.
grand deliverance of mountain maid! "Keep the vow, my father," thus she said;
"Shall a Mason's daughter fear for truth to die? There's a home beyond the
sky." From the hills of Mizpah, let her story rise - "Death before dishonor" -
to the skies; While seasons blossom on mountain free, Adah, we will weep for
will not die as thief or murderer dies, Whose fate but expiates his horrid
crime; She will not veil her pure and loving eyes, As fearing death, hers is
death sublime; Lo, with determined heart and eye she stands, Her face upturned
toward Celestial lands.
midst the multitude the victim stands, Dauntless, serene, though terror
palsies them! And she must die by her own father's hands! And she must die a
sacrifice of shame.
shame? Ah, no! She flings the veil abroad, Once, twice, yea thrice; looks
hopefully to God; Fixes noonday sun with earnest eyes, Then crowned with
innocence the maiden dies. Lament for Jephthah, ye who know his fate, Weep and
lament; broken the beautiful rod, And the strong staff; Mizpah is desolate!
But for sweet Adah weep not; let the word Be "Joy to the Captive, freed from
earthly dust, Joy for the witness more to woman's trust, And lasting honor,
Mizpah, be the strain To her who dies in light without a stain." - Robert
introduction is to be given by the Worthy Matron The heroines of our Order are
women of the Bible whose virtues we must emulate in our lives in order to
serve God and our fellow men. From the history of Adah, Jephthah's daughter,
we learn the lesson of keeping our promises. To get a better understanding,
let us glean the pages of biblical history. In the Book of Judges is a very
fine description of Jephthah's character and the heroism of his daughter, Adah.
Israelites had settled in Canaan, and after Joshua's death were ruled by
judges. These judges settled the peoples' disputes and also took the place of
generals, leading them in battle. The twelve tribes were united in a loose
confederacy, and when a very strong, powerful enemy menaced any one or several
of the tribes, the others would come to their aid.
this time the children of Ammon were en‑camped in Gilead to fight against the
tribes of Judah, Ephraim and Benjamin. The princes of Gilead be‑sought
Jephthah, a great warrior, to lead them in battle against the children of
Ammon. Jephthah was an outcast from the home of his brethren and lived the
life of an outlaw. His bravery and daring won him many followers. He answers
the request of the elders of the princes of Gilead in an independent manner,
for which we can hardly blame him.
introduction is followed by a musical selection, piano or violin.
members, preferably brothers, give the conversation of the chief of the elders
and Jephthah. A curtain (or screens) is stretched across the back of the hall
so that the two doors can serve as entrances and exits. The men may wear robes
made of inexpensive material, or they need not robe. The elders, led by their
chief, enter from one door and Jephthah appears from the other. They meet and
the chief of the elders addresses Jephthah. Three or four brothers should
accompany the chief of elders. Upon meeting each other, Jephthah and the
elders bow. In the Eastern countries people are very courteous in their
salutation; when no reference is made to the manner of saluting in the Bible,
it is so understood.
OF THE ELDERS: Come and be our chief, that we may fight with the children of
JEPHTHAH: Did not ye hate me, and drive me out of my father's house? Why are
ye now come unto me when ye are in distress? CHIEF OF ELDERS: Wherefore are we
returned to thee now, that thou mayest go with us and fight with the children
of Ammon, and thou shalt be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.
JEPHTHAH: If ye bring me back home to fight with the children of Ammon, and
the Lord deliver them before me, I will be your head.
(answer in unison) : The Lord shall be witness between us; surely according to
thy word so will we do.
JEPHTHAH comes to the center, and makes this solemn vow: If Thou shalt deliver
the children of
into mine hands, then it shall be that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of
my house to meet me when I return in peace shall surely be the Lord's, and I
will offer it up for a burnt offering.
(Curtain.) Song, "Be Ye Strong in the Lord," by choir, or soloist.
STRONG IN THE LORD" "Be ye strong in the Lord, and in the power of His might."
- Ephesians 6:10.
strong in the Lord and the power of His might," Firmly standing for the truth
of His word; He shall lead you safely through the thickest of the fight, You
shall conquer in the name of the Lord. CHORUS Firmly stand for the right,
firmly stand for the right, On to vict'ry at the King's command; For the honor
of the Lord, and the triumph of His word, In the strength of the Lord firmly
strong in the Lord and the power of His might," Never turning from the face of
the foe; He will surely by you stand, as you battle for the right, In the
power of His might onward go.
CHORUS "Be ye strong in the Lord and the power of His might," For His promises
shall never, never fail;
right hand He'll hold thee while battling for the right, Trusting Him, thou
shalt forevermore prevail.
CHORUS Curtain is drawn aside, Jephthah enters and, upon seeing Adah, rends
his clothes and addresses her in great anguish, but she speaks calmly.
JEPHTHAH: Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art
become my troubler; for I have opened my mouth unto the Lord, and I cannot go
My father, thou hast opened thy mouth unto the Lord; do unto me according to
that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth, forasmuch as the Lord hath taken
vengeance for thee of thine enemies, even of the children of Ammon. Let this
thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may depart and go down
upon the mountains and bewail my virginity, I and my companions.
departs; Jephthah stands with bowed head. Curtain.
CONCLUSION BY WORTHY PATRON He speaks from his station in the East.
the time had expired, Adah was prepared to fulfill her father's vow. With an
almost broken heart, he awaited her at the altar. She greeted him
affectionately and bade him farewell.
face unveiled, and looking upward, so that her father's arm might not be
unnerved by her gaze, she received the fatal blow, and thus bravely gave her
life to preserve her father's honor.
Jephthah's vow was very unwise and foolish. It was a bargain with God. The
sacrifice God required is "a humble and contrite heart," and as Samuel
admonished Saul, "To obey is better than to sacrifice." Yet, according to the
law of those times, a vow, which is a sacred obligation, taken in the name of
God, must be kept. It was considered a dishonor to break such a vow. The
Israelites did not commit human sacrifice as the idolatrous nations among whom
they lived. Jephthah, no doubt, had in mind that he would meet some animal,
used in sacrificing - a sheep, or goat, or cow.
ancient sages very wisely taught that it is better not to vow than to vow
unwisely. So, we should learn from the history of Jephthah's daughter not to
promise anything we can not keep. Also, that an obligation taken in the name
of God is especially sacred.
Sisters and brothers, let us ever be true to the solemn obligation taken at
the altar, and to all other obligations.
BY CHOIR Of Thee, Supreme Grand Power above, We ask that wisdom sure Which
will direct our work of love And make its teachings pure.
will the way illume with light, And help each weary heart The lessons true to
read aright, Which our Star's rays impart.
Curtain is drawn aside; Adah faces audience; she has a blue veil over her
head. She uses veil in making sign, drapes the sword which is on stand by her
side, and holds position. Curtain is slowly drawn. While she holds position
with sword, the choir sings. The curtain is not drawn until choir finishes
singing. This is the conclusion of the program, and the Worthy Matron can say,
"This concludes the program," and close the chapter in usual form, if the
chapter had not been closed before the program.
WITH ME" Abide with me, fast falls the eventide; The darkness deepens, Lord,
with me abide; When other helpers fail and comfort flee, Help of the helpless,
oh, abide with me! I need Thy presence every passing day; Earth's joys grow
dim, its glories pass away; Change and decay in all around I see. O Thou, who
changest not, abide with me! Hold Thou Thy cross before my closing eyes; Shine
thro' the gloom and point me to the skies; Heaven's morning breaks, and
earth's vain shadows flee; In life, in death, 0 Lord, abide with me!
THE STORY OF REAL FRIENDSHIP
scene of this beautiful love story was laid in Bethlehem of Judea, a town
famed in song and story, and also in Moab, a country beyond the river Jordan,
a country whose inhabitants were worshipers of idols.
the famine Elimelech and his wife Naomi and their two sons, Mahlon and Chilion,
emigrated from Bethlehem to Moab, and there they remained until the sons had
taken unto themselves as wives two beautiful Moabitish girls named Ruth and
Orpha. Some ten years later Elimelech and both sons died, leaving three
lamenting widows. The two young widows seem to have had plenty of material
wealth, but Naomi was left in destitute circumstances. Her heart was broken
over her loss, and she felt that even God had deserted her in her grief.
these two young widows loved their aged mother‑in‑law, and when Naomi
announced her intention to return to the land of her birth, they both arose
and voiced their intention to return with her. But Naomi entreated them to
remain in Moab where their material wants would be amply taken care of. But
they persisted, and a long passage was under‑taken. It was a rough journey,
inadequate travel facilities, heat, cold, privations on every hand, and
finally a life of poverty even if they survived the trials of the trip. So
Naomi again appealed in her strongest manner, and Orpha, sensing the true
conditions, turned back after affectionately kissing her mother in farewell.
One of the most appealing
in all Bible literature was enacted when Ruth refused to turn back as had her
"Entreat me not to leave thee, And to return from following after thee; For
whither thou goest, I will go; And where thou lodgest, I will lodge; Thy
people shall be my people, And thy God, my God! Where thou diest, there will I
die, And there will I be buried; Jehovah do so to me, and more also, If ought
but death part thee and me." Ruth had reached a crisis in her life, the
parting of the ways. If she turned back it meant to resume her place in the
community. It meant that she would probably live at ease, but it also meant
that she must surrender her God as well, and that would indeed be a calamity,
as she had learned to love Naomi's God, who was also the God of her departed
husband. But with a firm resolve, and in no uncertain language, she refused to
leave Naomi, and they finished the journey together, and the tragedy of
parting was never again suggested by either of them.
and its idols were left behind, and they at last crossed the Jordan and
reached Bethlehem, tired and footsore and weary. They caused some‑what of a
sensation when they reached the end of their journey, and friends offered
sympathy to Naomi. The younger woman also had suffered, for
her own country she could expect nothing. Her lot had been cast among
strangers, and poverty‑stricken strangers at that.
this point Ruth occupied the central figure in the story. It was necessary for
Ruth to seek employment to maintain an existence. She, therefore, suggested to
Naomi that she become a gleaner after the reapers, gathering up the leavings.
It was a lowly task, in fact the only one left open to the widow, the orphan
and the very poor. It was a law among the Jews that the poor had a right to
glean in anyone's field. Ruth was too proud to beg, but not too proud to earn
a livelihood by honest work. And so her work began. She started to work in the
fields of Boaz, a man of great wealth and influence. When he came to inspect
the work in his fields, he noted a stranger and made inquiries concerning her
history. He learned her story. And then he approached her and spoke kindly to
her. She was naturally surprised as her companions had made many unkind
remarks to her during the morning, and she was scarcely prepared to understand
any kind remarks on the part of the owner. But Boaz answered: "Jehovah
recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of Jehovah, the God of
Israel, under whose wings thou art come to take refuge." He brought to her a
protective kindness, and saw to it that his reapers left plenty of gleanings
for Ruth to gather; he also gave her food and drink. He was often spoken of as
"Boaz, the Kind." Naomi was
greatly pleased when Ruth told her that she had gleaned in the fields of Boaz.
And so she gleaned in the fields until the end of the harvest, and she and
Naomi had plenty to eat and to spare.
course of time Ruth became the wife of Boaz, and the mother of a son called
Obed, and thereby established a line of descendants down to Jesus.
it may be seen that, though Ruth was of another race and nation, yet for her
constancy and trust in Jehovah she was exalted to the high station she
occupied as the ancestress of King David and to "Great David's Greater Son -
the Messiah." My friends, the fidelity of this heroine of our Order to the
little cares and trials of everyday life certainly gives us a more exalted
conception of our daily household duties. No work that is worthy of
accomplishment is too small for us to perform. No honest work is menial, and
the example set by Ruth of garnering even the smallest grains is one well
worthy of emulation.
the widow, desolate and poor; These little parcels are her only store; Meekly
upon her breast she crosses them, Prophetic of the Cross of Bethlehem; Then
looks imploringly into the blue sky, Where sits enthroned the pitying Deity."
Moab's hill the stranger comes,
sorrow tried, widowed by death;
comes to Judah's goodly houses,
the trusting hand of faith.
leaves her childhood's home, and all That brothers, friends and parents gave;
The flowery fields, the lordly hall, The green sod o'er her husband's grave.
leaves the gods her people own - Soulless and weak, they're hers no more;
Jehovah, He is God alone, And Him her spirit will adore.
Bethlehem's gates the stranger stands, All friendless, poor, and wanting rest;
She waits the cheer of loving hands, And kindred hearts that God hath.
Entreat me not, dear friend, to go Or leave thy cherished side; The Lord hath
called me here, I know, And here I will abide.
haunts of girlhood, once so dear, My soul doth prize no more; I yearn, my
Love, far off to hear, And find the better shore.
leave the mansions of the dead - Farewell to grassy mound; The flowery plains
we soon will tread, Where all the lost again are found.
go with thee, do not deny; I'll make with thee my home; Where'er thou diest I
will die, And there shall be my tomb.
Introduction is to be given by the Worthy Matron
history of the second heroine of our Order, Ruth, is gleaned from the Book of
Ruth. It is a most beautiful Bible romance, a pastoral love story. In the days
when the judges judged, there was a famine in Bethlehem, a city of Judah.
Elimelech, with his wife Naomi, and their two sons, Mahlon and Chilion,
journeyed to Moab, and become prosperous. The sons took to themselves wives of
the women of Moab, Orpah and Ruth. After Naomi's husband and her two sons
died, she decided to return to her home, Bethlehem in Judah. Her
daughters‑in‑law accompanied her from Moab on the way to Judah.
Curtain is drawn aside, showing Naomi conversing with Orpah and Ruth,
persuading them to return to Moab.
Go, return each of you to her mother's house; the Lord deal kindly with you,
as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me. The Lord grant you that ye may
find rest, each of you, in the house of her husband.
kisses them, but they refuse to leave her, and say in a sorrowful tone: NAOMI
AND RUTH (together): Nay, but we will return with thee unto thy people.
Turn back, my daughters; why will ye go with me? Turn back, my daughters, go
your way. It grieveth me much for your sakes, for the hand of the Lord is gone
forth against me.
kiss their mother‑in‑law and weep. Orpah reluctantly leaves, but Ruth clings
to Naomi, who insists on her returning home with her sister‑in‑law.
Behold, thy sister‑in‑law is gone back unto her people, and her God; return
thou after thy sister‑in‑law.
very earnestly, tenderly and lovingly, pleads with Naomi.
Entreat me not to leave thee, and to return from following after thee; for
whither thou goest I will go, and where thou lodgest I will lodge; thy people
shall be my people, and thy God my God; where thou diest will I die, and there
will I be buried; the Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part
thee and me.
leave, with their arms about each other. Curtain.
is he whose hope is in the Lord" - Psalms 146:5.
on, hope on, O troubled heart;
doubts and fears o'ertake thee,
Remember this, the Lord hath said,
never will forsake thee;
murmur not, still bear thy lot,
yield to care or sorrow;
sure the clouds that frown today
break in smiles tomorrow.
on, hope on, though dark and deep The shadows gather o'er thee; Be not
dismayed; thy Saviour holds The Lamp of Life before thee; And if He will that
thou today Shouldst tread the vale of sorrow, Be not afraid, but trust and
wait; The sun will shine tomorrow.
on, hope on, go bravely forth Through trial and temptation, Directed by the
word of truth, So full of consolation; There is a calm for ev'ry storm, A joy
for ev'ry sorrow, A night from which the soul shall wake To hail an endless
Curtain is drawn; Naomi's women friends meet her, they are surprised at her
changed appearance; she speaks to them in a sorrowful tone. Two or three
sisters should impersonate Naomi's friends. They look at her with an
astonished expression, and one of them speaks:
Call me not Naomi (pleasant), call me Marah (bitter); for the Almighty hath
dealt very bitterly with me. I went out full, and the Lord hath brought me
back home empty; why call ye me Naomi, seeing the Lord hath testified against
me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me?
walks away a few steps with Ruth; Naomi's friends look after her sorrowfully.
Ruth speaks to Naomi.
Let me now go to the field, and glean among the ears of barley, after him in
whose sight I shall find favor.
Go, my daughter.
REAPERS OF LIFE'S HARVEST"
reapers of life's harvest,
stand with rusted blade,
the night draws round thee, And day begins to fade? Why stand ye idle, waiting
For reapers more to come? The golden morn is passing, Why sit ye idle, dumb?
Thrust in your sharpened sickle, And gather in the grain; The night is fast
approaching And soon will come again; The Master calls for reapers, And shall
He call in vain? Shall sheaves lie there ungathered, And waste upon the plain?
up the heights of wisdom, And crush each error low; Keep back no words of
knowledge That human hearts should know.
faithful to thy mission, In service of thy Lord, And then a golden chaplet
Shall be thy just reward.
Curtain is drawn aside. Two or three brothers take the part of the reapers;
one of them represents the chief or the servant set over the reapers. A
brother represents Boaz. The reapers are seen; Boaz enters and greets them;
they answer his greeting and he converses with the chief of the reapers. The
reapers should how to Boaz; he returns their greeting.
greets reapers: The Lord be with you. THEY answer: The Lord bless thee.
speaks to servant over reapers: Whose damsel is this?
SERVANT: It is a Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the field
of Moab; and she said: "Let me glean, I pray you, and gather after the reapers
among the sheaves;" so she came, and hath continued even from the morning
until now, save that she tarried a little in the house.
speaks to Ruth: She should be a little way from the other gleaners: Nearest
thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither pass from
hence, but abide here fast by my maidens. Let thine eyes he on the field that
they do reap, and go
after them; have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee?
and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the
young men have drawn.
makes a low bow and speaks to Boaz: Why have I found favor in thy sight, that
thou shouldest take cognizance of me, seeing I am a foreigner?
It hath fully been told me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother‑in‑law
since the death of thy husband; and how thou hast left thy father and thy
mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people that thou
knewest not heretofore. The Lord recompense thy work, and be thy reward
complete from the Lord, the God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to
Let me find favor in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast spoken to the
heart of thy handmaid, though I be not as one of thy handmaidens.
turns to his reapers and says to the servant set over the reapers: Let her
glean even among the sheaves, and put her not to shame. And let her glean, and
rebuke her not.
HAST THOU GLEANED TODAY?"
field is the world - and the reapers are the angels." - Matthew 13:38.
with chorus; soloists to sing question and answer. One sister sings the part
QUESTION and the other sister sings the part of the
ANSWER. The chorus should be composed of mixed voices, sisters and brothers;
or the chorus could be of only male voices, not less than four. The musical
part of this program should be rehearsed as well as the speaking part.
QUESTION Weary gleaner, whence comes thou, With empty hands and clouded brow?
Plodding along thy lonely way, Tell me, where hast thou glean'd today?
Late I found a barren field, The harvest past my search revealed, Others
golden sheaves had gained, Only stubbles for me remained.
Forth to the harvest field away! Gather your handfuls while you may; All day
long in the field abide, Gleaning close by the reapers' side.
QUESTION Careless gleaner, what hast thou here, These faded flow'rs and
leaflets sere? Hungry and thirsty, tell me, pray, Where, oh where, hast thou
All day long in shady bow'rs I've gaily sought earth's fairest flow'rs; Now,
alas! too late I see All I've gathered is vanity. CHORUS (repeat)
QUESTION Burden'd gleaner, thy sheaves I see; Indeed thou must aweary be!
Singing along the homeward way, Glad one, where hast thou glean'd today?
Stay me not, till day is done, I've gather'd handfuls, one by one; Here and
there for me they fall, Close by the reap'rs I've found them all.
(repeat) Curtain is drawn aside. Ruth is holding sack of grain; she and Naomi
Where hast thou gleaned today? and where wroughtest thou? Blessed be he that
did take knowledge of thee.
The man's name with whom I wrought today is Boaz.
Blessed be he of the Lord, who hath not left off his kindness to the living
and to the dead. The man is nigh of kin unto us, one of our near kinsmen.
Yea, he said unto men: Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have
ended all my harvest.
It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, and that thou be
not met in any other field.
CONCLUSION BY WORTHY PATRON
Ruth made it known to Boaz that he was a near kinsman to her, he rejoiced and
extended to her still greater consideration and kindness. "Blessed be thou of
the Lord, my daughter; thou hast shown more kindness in the end than at the
beginning, inasmuch as thou didst not follow the young men, whether poor or
rich. And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou sayest;
for all the men in the gate of my people do know that thou art a virtuous
woman." There was still a nearer kinsman who, according to the Mosaic law, had
first claim to Ruth, and Boaz, who was zealous in keeping the law, did not
claim Ruth for his wife until he assured himself that the nearest kinsman
relinquished his claim to Ruth.
stands out as a real Bible gentleman. According to the teachings of the Bible
(Mosaic laws), he showed kindness and consideration to the stranger. "When ye
reap the harvest of your land thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy
field, neither shalt thou gather the gleaning of thy harvest; thou shalt leave
them for the poor and for the stranger." - Leviticus 19:9, 10.
was worthy of Boaz's love and kindness. She was a "Bible‑lady, a gentlewoman,
a noble, virtuous, womanly woman. The love of Ruth and Boaz is of
highest type of love, honorable love, which unites man and woman in that most
sacred bond of wedded love; in that holy union, so blessed in the sight of God
BY HENRY HOOD
given by a Member Oh, wondrous story of immortal spell! From a forgotten age,
so far and old That even its traditions now we hold But doubtfully, comes down
this tale so well Beloved, which we today rehearse and tell As if Naomi's
meadows had been sold But yesterday, and in the kinsman's fold Still shining
lay the golden grains which fell From sheaves all careless bound, that Ruth
wondrous spell of love and loyalty! No record ever said that Ruth was fair;
And yet all thoughts have pictured her in mien So beauteous, art itself might
well despair Seeking to paint her tender constancy! At the conclusion of the
reading of this poem, the curtain is drawn aside and Ruth faces audience,
holding in her hands the "sheaf." The choir sings.
Go WHERE YOU WANT ME To Go" It may not be on the mountains high, Or over the
stormy sea; It may not be at the battle's front, My Lord will have need of me;
by a still, small voice He calls to paths that I do not know, I'll answer,
dear Lord, with my hand in Thine, I'll go where you want me to go.
I'll go where you want me to go, dear Lord, Over mountain, or plain, or sea;
I'll say what you want me to say, dear Lord, I'll be what you want me to be.
There's surely somewhere a lowly place, In earth's harvest fields so wide -
Where I may labor thro' life's short day For Jesus the crucified.
trusting my all to Thy tender care, And knowing Thou lovest me, I'll do Thy
will with a heart sincere, I'll be what you want me to be.
CHORUS Note: The beautiful duet, "Ruth and Naomi" would he especially
appropriate at this time.
Obedience is a part of education, and if boys and girls do not learn the habit
of obedience they are not educated, even though they may read many languages
and be experts in science and mathematics. Boys and girls who do not learn at
home the virtue of obedience are unfortunate. For unless children learn in the
home, they are not likely to learn it anywhere, and a man or woman who is
self‑willed, incapable of obeying, is never happy, and is often mischievous if
QUEEN OF COURAGE
prelude to this story we have a gorgeous scene in which the King of Persia (Ahasuerus)
had held a feast for his nobles that lasted for one hundred and eighty days,
and this was followed by a feast of seven days to which all the people of the
kingdom were invited. Queen Vashti had a similar banquet at the royal palace
for the women of the realm. Near the end of the feast the king commanded the
queen to come before the assembled men, and display her charms. Vashti
absolutely re‑fused. The king, drunk from his long feasting, flew into a
terrible rage, and called his counselors together and demanded that the queen
be deposed, as an example to wives who refused to obey their husbands. Now, it
was a law of the Medes and Persians that a law once pronounced could not be
recalled even by the king himself. It was said that the king really loved
Vashti, and lamented the decree. But it was just another instance - as
Shakespeare says, "Oh, that men should put an enemy into their mouths to steal
away their brains." So Vashti passed from the palace a divorced woman, and
search was made for the most beautiful woman of the realm to be her successor.
Ahasuerus was advised to assemble all the beautiful maidens at the palace and
make a choice. As we know, Esther, a young, beautiful Jewess, was the one
chosen, and it was said that the king really fell madly in love with her, and
the loss of his beautiful Vashti was compensated by the faithfulness and
brilliance of the new queen, who was crowned with appropriate ceremonies and
Esther is one of the outstanding heroines of the Bible, and of all history.
She was strong, brave, capable, patriotic and honorable, and had all the
qualities that go to make up not only a real woman but also a queen. In all
the luxury of her new life, the temptations that naturally came to a woman in
her position, she was not spoiled by being a queen. She was a woman of the
highest integrity and principles; a shining example of female virtue, and the
king highly valued her as a queen and counselor.
there was another character that must be mentioned here and that is Mordecai,
the cousin of the queen, who had taken the place of a father when Esther's
parents had both died. It is a long story of political intrigue, but the
outcome of it all was the decree issued by the king that on a certain day all
the Jews in the kingdom should be put to death. Esther was a Jewess, although
her lineage had been carefully concealed from the king and his court.
Mordecai learned of the decree, he rent his clothes, and covered his body with
sackcloth and ashes as was the mourning custom. And then Mordecai summoned
Esther and told her of the fatal edict, and that she would be included in
those designated for slaughter.
gentlest natures are often the sternest when duty requires it, and the man who
had filled a father's place to her found it necessary to utter a statement
that seems somewhat harsh when he says in words that struck like a whip:
"Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's house more than
all the Jews. For if thou altogether boldest thy place at this time, then
shall there deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy
father's house shall be destroyed." And then he added as if to give her
courage, "Who knowest whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as
this?" Esther hesitated no longer, but rose to her sublimest height. She was
young, she was beautiful, she loved life, she loved the king and she loved her
people, and she realized that the edict could not be escaped. And so at the
request of Mordecai she resolved to make a personal appeal to the king. And
then her resourcefulness and keenness of mind came to her rescue. Very simple
and touching were her preparations.
Remembering that "he that humbleth himself shall be exalted," she first
requested Mordecai and all the Jews in the city to fast for her three days and
nights, that they neither eat nor drink, and declared that she and her maidens
would do likewise, and then she closed her message with these memorable words:
"I will go unto the king, which is not according to law, and if I perish, I
fine courage! But Esther was a very wise woman. She had no intention of asking
a favor of her liege lord, even if he did love her madly, while he was tired
and hungry, so she very shrewdly requested the presence of the king and his
prime minister, Haman, at a banquet which she had pre‑pared for them. Now
Esther was a true woman, and she reasoned that if one banquet was good for the
king, another would put him in a still better frame of mind, and so she
ordered a second banquet, and promised that she would then make known her
hour for the second banquet had arrived, and Esther appeared in all her beauty
and royal apparel.
king again said to her: "What wilt thou, Queen Esther, and what is thy
request, and it shall be given thee, even unto the half of my kingdom." How
generous! It was the psychological moment for Esther, and she struck while the
iron was hot. With great tact she began pleading for her own life. She said:
"If I have found favor in thy sight, oh king, and if it pleases the king, let
my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request; for we are
sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish." A
desperate case requires desperate remedies. The king himself could not recall
the edict once uttered, but he gave the Jews permission to arm them‑selves and
gather throughout the entire empire and
stand for their life, to destroy, to slay and to cause to perish all those who
would destroy them." And so it was ended and the Jewish nation was saved.
Jews then set the annual feast of Purim in memory of the triumph and in honor
of the Queen, whose skill in statecraft had delivered them. The feast is
observed with shouts, hand‑clapping and the reading of the story of the
story of Esther leaves a deep impression on us of the courage and tact that
Esther displayed when confronted with the peril of losing not only her own
life but the lives of the entire Jewish race, and the consummate skill with
which she handled the difficult situation.
sisters, whether you are a daughter, a mother, wife or sister, there are times
in our lives when we should commit, without question, our ways into the
keeping of an all‑wise Father, who knows our needs and never fails to fill
them. The answer may not al‑ways be just what we had expected or hoped for,
but we can rest assured that it will always be right. May the pure life of
Esther and her devotion to her own people be an inspiration to us all. Perhaps
you, too, were born for a time like this.
we perish, 0 my nation, With the light of ages crowned! Surely there is yet
salvation With our great Deliverer found; Cry aloud, then, Zion's Daughter,
Rend with sorrowing groans the sky; Blunt with prayer the sword of slaughter -
Haste, my people, ere we die! Thou, who shone our nation's glory, Mark the
time of deep distress; Hear, with pitying ear, our story, See our anguish,
Lord, and bless.
thus our sins to chasten Thou refuse thy children's cry, All submissive, I
will hasten With my people, Lord, to die.
Introduction by the Worthy Matron
was a Jewish maiden, who lived in Persia. The Jews were captives within that
country. Under the beneficent rule of Ahasuerus, a powerful monarch, whose
reign extended "from India even unto Ethiopia" over a hundred and twenty‑seven
provinces, they enjoyed comparative peace and prosperity. They paid their
yearly tribute, enjoyed religious freedom, could worship God according to the
dictates of their conscience and observe the laws and statutes of Moses, as
Ahasuerus lived in great splendor and often gave great feasts to which he
invited the princes and officials of his kingdom, from the highest to the
lowest. Such a feast or banquet is recorded in the Scriptures, in the Book of
Esther. One of these feasts was held in the court of his magnificent palace
garden at the capital city, Shushan. After seven days of feasting and
drinking, Ahasuerus, who gloried in these great banquets and all his wonderful
possessions, commanded his chamberlains to bring his wife, Queen Vashti,
dressed in royal apparel, that he might show off her beauty.
not the custom in eastern countries, and much less at that time, for a woman
to appear at banquets with men. After seven days of feasting and drinking this
banquet may have become no more than a drunken revel. Queen Vashti refused to
obey the king's summons. The reason for refusing to attend is not given.
Ahasuerus was enraged at her inde‑
pendence and disobedience. His advisors, the high court officials, advised him
to put her aside as a punishment for her refusal to obey the king; also to
make of her an example for all the wives of the kingdom, from the highest to
the lowest, that none would dare disobey their husbands, their lords and
masters. This advice was pleasing to the king, and he divorced Vashti. The
most beautiful maidens in the kingdom were brought to him that he might choose
a successor to Vashti. Esther, the foster‑daughter of Mordecai, a Jew, was the
most beautiful and loveliest of them all. The king loved her; she became his
wife and queen of Persia. As Mordecai requested, Esther kept her descent from
the Jewish race a secret from the king and his court.
by the choir from Gospel Hymns.
PEOPLE THAT ON EARTH DO DWELL" (Old Hundred) "Come before His presence with
singing." - Psalms 100:2.
people that on earth do dwell, Sing to the Lord with cheerful voice; Him serve
with mirth, His praise forth tell, Come ye before Him and rejoice. Know that
the Lord is God indeed; Without our aid He did us make; We are His flock, He
doth us feed, And for His sheep He doth us take. O enter then His gates with
praise, Approach with joy His courts unto: Praise, laud, and bless His name
always, For it is seemly so to do.
why? The Lord our God is good, His mercy is forever sure; His truth at all
times firmly stood, And shall from age to age endure.
MATRON continues further from the Book of Esther: One of the king's favorites
was Haman. He was often summoned before King Ahasuerus, who consulted with him
about affairs of the kingdom and promoted him above all his other officials.
One day as Haman passed on his way to court, he noticed that the Jew Mordecai
would not prostrate himself before him as did the others. No doubt Mordecai
saluted with a bow of courtesy, but would not humble himself, as did the
others. Only to God, the "King of Kings," were the Jews to supplicate in due
humility for forgiveness of sin, not to men and not even to princes of the
infuriated Haman that Mordecai would not thus humble himself. He told his
wife, and she advised him to have Mordecai hanged on a gallows. This pleased
him and he also decided to be avenged not only on Mordecai, but all the Jewish
Mordecai had heard two of the king's servants plotting against the king. He
told it to Esther, who informed the king, and the servants were hanged. One
night the king could not sleep, and one of the chamberlains read to him from
the book of records and chronicles, about Mordecai's loyalty in saving him
from the hands of the assassins.
Curtain is drawn aside, showing one of the king's servants reading to him
while he is reclining on a couch.
What honor and dignity has been done to Mordecai for this?
SERVANT: There is nothing done for him.
Who is in the court?
SERVANT: Behold, Haman standeth in the court.
Let him come in. Haman enters and the king questions him. "What shall be done
unto the man whom the king delighteth to honor?" HAMAN turns aside and speaks,
as if to himself: Whom would the king delight to honor beside myself? (Aloud
he says to the king:) For the man whom the king delighteth to honor, let royal
apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that the king
rideth upon, and on whose head a crown royal is set, and let the apparel and
the horse be delivered to the hands of one of the king's most noble princes,
that they may array the man therewith whom the king delighteth to honor, and
cause him to ride on horseback before him: Thus shall it be done to the man
whom the king delighteth to honor.
Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even
so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate; let nothing fail of
all that thou hast spoken.
by choir from Gospel Hymns; to be sung by choir or as a solo by a sister or
GOD, OUR HELP" O God, our help in ages past, Our hope for years to come, Our
shelter from the stormy blast, And our eternal home.
the shadow of Thy throne, Still may we dwell secure; Sufficient is Thine arm
alone, And our defense is sure.
the hills in order stood, Or earth received her frame, From everlasting Thou
art God, To endless years the same.
thousand ages, in Thy sight, Are like an evening gone; Short as the watch that
ends the night, Before the rising sun.
Matron, or any member she selects, continues to explain from the Book of
Mordecai heard of the decree, that on a certain day all the Jews within the
provinces over which King Ahasuerus ruled were to be put to death at the
instigation of the cruel Haman, there was great grief among the Jews. Mordecai
sent word to Esther to intercede with the king in behalf of her people, the
Jews. She replied that she had not been summoned to appear before the king; if
anyone, even the queen, should appear before him without his re‑quest, the
penalty would be death. After further pleading of Mordecai, she consents: "I
will go in unto the king, which is not according to the law; and if I perish,
Curtain is drawn aside, showing the king seated on a throne; there is a crown
on his head and the golden scepter in his hand. Esther and Haman and one or
two officials are there. Esther has on a beautiful robe, with purple cape or
mantle and a crown on her head. She steadily looks at the king and touches her
crown and robe. The king should look angry and frown. As she comes near to
where he is seated he suddenly smiles at her and says: KING extending the
scepter, which she touches: Whatever thy petition it shall be granted thee;
and whatever thy request, even to the half of the kingdom, it shall be
ESTHER: My petition and my request is: If I have found favor in the sight of
the king, and if it please the king to grant my petition, let my life be given
me at my petition, and my people at my request; for we are sold, I and my
people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold
for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my peace, for the adversary is not
worthy that the king be endamaged.
Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so? ESTHER:
An adversary and an enemy, even this wicked Haman. She points at Haman, who
kneels before her and covers his face.
HARBONAH, king's servant, speaks: Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high,
which Haman hath made for Mordecai, who spoke good for the king, standeth in
the house of Haman.
Hang him thereon.
Officers take the cowering Haman from the presence of the king. Mordecai
enters. Esther falls on her knees before the king; he extends to her the
scepter, which she touches; then stands and speaks to the king.
ESTHER: If it please the king, and if I have found favor in his sight, and the
thing seem right before the king, and I be pleasing in his eyes, let it be
writ‑ten to reverse the letters devised by Haman, which he wrote to destroy
the Jews that are in all the king's provinces; for how can I endure to see the
evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the
destruction of my kindred? KING speaks to Esther and Mordecai: Behold, I have
given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the gallows,
because he laid his hand upon the Jews. Write ye also concerning the Jews, as
it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal it with the king's ring; for the
writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring,
may no man reverse.
king gives Mordecai the ring. Mordecai and Esther bow deeply before the king.
CONCLUSION GIVEN BY WORTHY PATRON
ages has God raised up champions for the oppressed and persecuted. "He is ever
mindful of His own." He is our God and we are his children, regardless of
race, color, nationality or creed. "He is our Light and our Salvation; all
that trust in Him shall not be put to shame."
Jews, the descendants of the Hebrews, are scattered over the face of the earth
as witnesses to the Living God. No country whose people persecute them can
prosper. Justice and right will prevail; persecution and slander can not hold
out against them.
Hebrew word for Esther is Hadassah, which means "Star." and she proved herself
a shining light to her people in the time of their distress. Purim, or the
feast of Esther, is celebrated among the Jews in gladness and thanksgiving.
Esther's heroic deed is reviewed from year to year, and the poor and
distressed among the Jews are remembered with gifts so they can also rejoice.
Curtain is drawn aside. Esther faces audience, holding in her hand the crown
and scepter, united. The choir sings. She holds her position while the
following song is sung. At conclusion, curtain is slowly drawn.
"HIGHER GROUND" I'm pressing on the upward way, New heights I'm gaining every
day; Still praying as I onward bound, "Lord, plant my feet on higher ground."
CHORUS Lord, lift me up and let me stand, By faith on heaven's table‑land; A
higher plane than I have found, Lord, plant my feet on higher ground.
to live above the world, Tho' Satan's darts are at me hurled; My faith has
caught the joyful sound, The song of saints on higher ground.
CHORUS I want to scale the utmost height, And catch a gleam of glory bright;
But still I pray, till heaven I've found, "Lord, lead me on to higher ground."
REPEAT CHORUS Have we at all times refrained from "slander and evil speaking"
toward each other? Have we at all times and in all places "maintained a
discreet silence respecting all transactions in the chapter room" when talking
to our neighbors? Are we so impressed with the beautiful lessons taught in our
Ritual to the extent of defending the character of all members of the Order
"so far as truth, honor and justice will warrant?" Have we all practiced the
promise made to do all in our power to promote peace and harmony in the
chapter and among our members? Or have we lost sight of such things and in a
spirit of revenge let loose the most powerful member of the body in order that
we might pay the debt of some fancied injury and thus cast a stain on some
one, reflecting discredit upon the Order and disgrace upon ourselves?
OUR HEROINE OF FAITH
Bethany was a small, unkempt village, situated on the southeast side of the
Mount of Olives, less than two miles from Jerusalem, on the road from Jericho.
Not much of a city, but what memories are awakened by the mention of it! In
this town there lived a family consisting of the sisters, Martha and Mary, and
their brother, Lazarus, and that is about all that is known of them, except
that wonderful story that is woven about them.
brother was a laborer, and the sisters were the housekeepers. They were in the
habit of entertaining as a guest the new teacher, known as Jesus. It seems
that to Martha fell the responsibility of pre‑paring and serving the food for
the family and guests. Mary seems to have been of a more studious turn of
mind, and frequently sat at the feet of Jesus and listened to His wonderful
home at Bethany was to Jesus a home of quiet and rest, and He often came and
partook of their hospitality, for a sincere affection had sprung up between
them. And what a beautiful friendship it was! Indeed, Martha felt so close to
Jesus that she actually complained to Him that Mary had not done her share of
the work. This little incident proves in a graphic manner His intimate
standing in the family, and that they considered Him not as a guest but as a
guide and counselor as well.
when the brother was taken suddenly ill and died it was but natural that the
sisters should long
the return of their absent friend. They knew His power in healing the sick and
relieving the blind and the lame. They knew that by a word or a touch He had
cured maladies which had been pronounced as incurable. He had even invaded the
realm of death and awakened the pulses to life. They knew that His power
equaled their need, but He did not come; the days passed and still He tarried.
At last, in despair, they sent a messenger to Him to inform Him that Lazarus
was ill unto death. But still He delayed, and when He at last reached Bethany,
Lazarus had lain in his tomb four days.
reached the sisters as they sat in their home sorrowing, that Jesus was
returning to Bethany.
with her natural impulsiveness - strong, unsubdued by emotion - rushed out to
meet Jesus and came upon Him just outside the little town of Bethany. And the
burden of her heart is expressed in her first words, "Lord, if Thou hadst been
here, my brother had not died. And even now I know that, whatever Thou shalt
ask of God, God will give Thee." Oh, what sublime faith! Jesus quietly
re‑plied: "Thy brother shall rise again." Then Martha replied: "I know he will
rise again in the resurrection at the last day." It was poor consolation to
Martha to know that at some time, perhaps after centuries, her brother should
rise. Her brother was dead to her forever as far as this world was concerned.
And then to Martha Jesus uttered that most precious promise and assurance of
believeth on me, though he die, yet shall he live; and whosoever liveth and
believeth on me shall never die. Believest thou this?" and she answered, "Yes,
Lord," Martha's faith was strong but it was difficult for her to comprehend
the full meaning of the wonderful message. And then Martha hastened to her
sister Mary to tell her that the Master had returned. And Mary, too, hastened
to meet Him, and she, too, said: "If Thou hadst been here, my brother had not
died," and she fell at His feet and was comforted. It was a tense moment and
even Jesus wept. And then they all went to the tomb of Lazarus. It was a
momentous occasion. Everyone present felt it to be so. But when Jesus said:
"Lazarus, come forth," no one doubted what the result would be, for Jesus was
among friends. One can well imagine the great joy that filled the hearts of
these sisters when their brother stood before them, restored to life and to
and Mary represent the types of women that are with us today as they have
always been. Both were disciples of Christ, both of them pleasing to Him. Both
accepted His teachings, and both believed Him to be the Messiah. These two
sisters express in a figurative way the life present and the life to come, the
life of color exemplified in the activities of Martha and the quiet studious
life as exemplified by Mary.
greatest lessons are often learned in the valley of sorrow, and these sisters
were no exception to the rule. Mary may be loved for her finer
spiritual qualifications; the world needs this type, and would that we should
have more of them. But if the world had to depend on the Marys many a hungry
and hard‑worked man would go supperless to his night's rest. Martha is the
patron saint of all good housewives, careful mothers and skillful and
efficient nurses of the present generation. Her character makes a strong
appeal to all active men and women; and the fact that when confronted with
family disaster she sought Jesus as her great teacher and helper, makes her a
notable example to follow. And there came to her, a woman, that great message
that for almost two thousand years has been the solace to all whose loved ones
have been taken by death: "Alas for him who never sees The sun shine through
his cypress trees; Who, helpless, lays his dead away, Nor hopes to see the
breaking day, Across the mournful marbles play." But to Martha came the
wonderful message that "He that liveth and believeth on me shall never die." "Believest
Yea, I believe, although death's cloud Enwrap my soul in gloom; Thou art the
Christ, the Son of God, The Saviour that should come; - Yea, Lord, I do
believe! Yea, I believe; what though the grave Hath won my love from me; I
felt that Thou hadst power to save, And still do trust in Thee; - Yea, Lord, I
do believe! Yea, I believe; through ages past Thy coming voice has heard; The
promised King has come at last, My Saviour and my God; - Yea, Lord, I do
believe! Yea, I believe; Lord, let this hour Some gracious token give; 0,
grant a sweet, reviving power, That others may believe; - Yea, Lord, I do
believe! Wildly her hands are joined in form of love, As at the Saviour's feet
the mourner lies; Beseechingly she raises them above While showers of
teardrops blind her languid eyes; Then looks, and pleads, and supplicates His
aid In words that win her brother from the dead.
thy hands above, sweet mourner, Higher, higher, toward the throne; Ah, He sees
thee, hears thy story, Hears and feels that plaintive moan.
wept for human sorrows; Let thy sorrows with Him plead; Raise thy hands in
faith, and doubt not, He hath power o'er the dead.
Yes, Lord! Yet some must serve! Not all with tranquil heart, Even at Thy dear
feet, Wrapped in devotion sweet, May sit apart! Yes, Lord, Yet some must bear
The burden of the day, Its labor and its heat, While others at Thy feet May
muse and pray.
Lord! Yet man must earn And women bake the bread; And some must watch and wake
Early for others' sake, Who pray instead! Yea, Lord! Yet some must do Life's
daily task - work; some Who fain would sing must toil Amid earth's dust and
moil, While lips are dumb! Yes, Lord! Yet even Thou Hast need of earthly care;
I bring the bread and wine To Thee a guest divine - Be this my prayer! - Julia
The program of Martha will not be dramatized, as were Adah, Ruth and Esther.
The Worthy Matron may appoint other members beside "Martha" and the Worthy
Patron to do this reading if desired. The choir will sing, and Martha should
have the stand with her emblem, the broken column, beside her.
MATRON: The heroine representing the fourth point of the star is Martha.
Martha and Mary, with their brother, Lazarus, lived in Bethany. Jesus was a
friend of Lazarus, and during His ministry often rested in his home. The
sisters shared in the friendship of Lazarus and Jesus. In the tenth chapter of
St. Luke is a description of one of these visits. Martha welcomed Jesus to
their home, and then went about her household duties as usual. But "Mary sat
at Jesus' feet and heard His word." Martha was provoked at her sister and
complained to Jesus: "Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to
serve alone? Bid her therefore that she help me?" "And Jesus answered and said
unto her, "Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things."
"But one thing is needful, and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall
not be taken away from her." - St. Luke 10:41, 42.
at the feet of Jesus, was listening to words of holy wisdom. Martha, perhaps,
could have arranged her work, or simplified it in such a way, that
also might have listened. There are many men and women who arrange their work,
or forego some pleasure and ease, to study the Book of Books and attend
religious services. Many of our sisters in the Eastern Star have memorized
their lectures when alone at home and engaged in their household duties, and
have thereby been enabled to fill their stations more efficiently.
MEMBER But when distress came to their home, in the death of Lazarus, their
beloved brother, Martha at once sought Jesus. This sad, tender story is
contained in the 11th chapter of St. John. I will read from the 19th through
the 25th verse: "And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary to comfort them
concerning their brother.
Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him; but Mary
sat still in the house.
said Martha unto Jesus, `Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not
I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it
thee.' "Jesus saith unto her, `Thy brother shall rise again.' "Martha saith
unto Him, `I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last
day.' "Jesus said unto her, `I am the resurrection and the life, he that
believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believeth thou this?'
"-St. John 1 l :19‑25.
POINT MARTHA It is truly sad, indeed, and is doubly hard to give up our
nearest and dearest in the beauty and strength of young manhood and young
womanhood, when life is so full of hope and joyous dreams for the future. The
fair flowers wither in their bloom, but blossom anew, "in a better country,
the heavenly." Life is uncertain; we know not when death will summon us. The
young and the old, the strong and the feeble, the wise and the simple, the
good and the bad, all must die. It is a blessed comfort, therefore, to believe
in the Immortality of the Soul, to know that only the body is dead, but that
the soul will live on forever in perfect peace and happiness.
the dust returneth to the earth at is was, and the spirit returneth unto God
who gave it." - Ecclesiastes 12:7.
holds up her emblem, the broken column, while the choir sings.
CHILD OF GOD" "Joy cometh in the morning." - Psalms 30:5. O, child of God,
wait patiently When dark thy path may be, And let thy faith lean trustingly On
Him who cares for thee; And though the clouds hang drearily Upon the brow of
night, Yet in the morning joy will come, And fill thy soul with light.
child of God, He loveth thee, And thou art all His own: With gentle hand He
leadeth thee, Thou dost not walk alone; And though thou watchest wearily The
long and stormy night, Yet in the morning joy will come, And fill thy soul
child of God, how peacefully He calms thy fears to rest, And draws thee upward
tenderly Where dwell the pure and blest; And He who bendeth silently Above the
gloom of night, Will take thee home where endless joy Shall fill thy soul with
CONCLUSION BY WORTHY PATRON If we walk in the light of our faith, we need not
fear death. Thank God for Faith! It is a lamp unto our path and a light to our
feet. We need have no fears in this life nor for the life to come.
must we do to inherit eternal life? Can we meet our Heavenly Father's
requirements? Yes. For our God is a God of infinite wisdom, justice, love and
mercy and does not ask anything of His children that is too hard.
hath been told thee, O man, what is good, and what the Lord doth require of
thee: Only to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God."
- Micah 6:8.
souls are His. All the righteousness shall par‑take of the joys of the
hereafter. All who serve God and their fellow men will find a place of rest in
that heavenly home, "where the many mansions be." Song by choir.
SWEETLY SOLEMN THOUGHT" One sweetly solemn thought Comes to me o'er and o'er,
I'm nearer home today, Than I have been before.
Nearer my home, nearer my home, Nearer my home today, today, Than I have been
my Father's house, Where many mansions be, Nearer the great white throne
today, Nearer the crystal sea.
CHORUS Nearer the bound of life, Where burdens are laid down; Nearer to leave
the cross today, And nearer to the crown.
CHORUS Be near me when my feet Are slipping o'er the brink; For I am nearer
home today, Perhaps, than now I think.
CHORUS Worthy Matron closes chapter, if not closed be‑fore program.
IN THE DAY Each day contains a little song; My hopeful heart would have it so.
A laughing, rippling tune of joy, That has no single note of joy, I never know
just what 'twill be That starts the little song for me.
gleam of sun, a sky of blue; A robin's call, a sudden shower A whiff of
flower‑laden air; Or with some friend a golden hour; It does not take a costly
thing To start my little song to sing.
be but a handclasp true, Or word of faith that someone said. Perchance it is a
friendly smile Or lovely poem I have read That wakens up the little song That
sings within me all day long.
A LIFE EXEMPLIFYING LOVE
holds no greater lessons than the two out‑standing precepts taught in the
lesson of the Fifth Point - Electa. The first is, "Heroic endurance of
persecution when demanded in the defense of truth; the second, an abiding
faith in the final triumph of truth." The name, Electa, does not appear in the
Bible, but she is referred to in the brief story as the Elect Lady.
scene of the story is laid in Asia Minor, the peninsula lying between the
Black Sea on the north and the Mediterranean Sea on the south. The date of the
writing of this story is between 85 and 95 A.D.
Persecution comes in many different forms and for various purposes. Whatever
the form, whether it be the faithlessness of a trusted friend, the caustic
sneer of an enemy, the outflashing of envy or jealousy on the part of a
trusted friend, discourtesy on the part of a superior or just the visitation
of some trial that may come to you - whatever may be the form, there is but
one safe course to pursue, and that is "bear it with heroic endurance and
despair not." Electa was noted for her charity and benevolence. A woman of
refinement and wealth who wanted to feed and succor the poor and hungry and to
relieve the sufferings of those afflicted with body ills. She
truth the great Red Cross nurse, ready at all times to step in where want and
misery prevailed, and where relief was sorely needed. She delighted in using
her vast wealth for the relief of mankind.
Christian beliefs soon became known through‑out the land, and one day she was
visited by a band of Roman soldiers who bade her renounce the religion she had
adopted. They even presented her with a cross and demanded that she trample it
under foot in order to show to the world that she renounced this new‑found
said that she opened not her mouth, that she uttered no word of protest, but
took the cross in her hands and clasped it with ardor to her breast, and
looked toward heaven to show that she put her trust in the God of her
scripture text from which this heroine takes her lead is found in the Second
Epistle of John, and is only a short letter addressed to "the Elect Lady and
her children." The message contains only thirteen short verses and less than
three hundred words, and that is all the Bible references that we can find.
The name of Electa, like that of Adah, seems to be a creation of Robert
Morris, the writer of the Eastern Star ritual, and it has no significance
outside our Order. Perhaps the words of Robert Morris him‑self could
appropriately be given just at this point. Brother Morris says: "The Fifth
Point introduced me to the early history of the Christian church, where 'midst
a `noble army of martyrs,' I found many whose lives and deaths overflowed the
martyrdom with a glory not surpassed by any of those named in the Holy Writ.
This gave me Electa, `the Elect Lady,' friend of St. John - the Christian
woman whose venerable years were crowned with the utmost splendor of the
crucifixion. The fact that the name of this estimable woman can not be
ascertained with certainty does not lessen our interest nor the value of the
many lessons taught. The story is true enough, but it is the name only, so to
speak, that does not have a basis in fact. It seems to me that nothing is lost
by accepting the statement, `the Elect Lady,' to be an individual. The lesson
taught can be widely and wisely applied." St. John exhorts her to love. It is
a personal re‑quest made by the Master Himself, when He says: "I give unto you
a new commandment, that ye love one another as I have loved you." "The highest
expression of brotherly love is found in obedience to all the commands which
God has enjoined in the regulation of the relations between brethren. The
clearest expression of love is obedience to the will of God so far as He has
revealed His will in definite precepts." It is in reality a command that she
should abide steadfastly in what she now knows and believes and let this
knowledge regulate her life.
growth and activity of the Christian religion was bound to stir up adverse
action on the part of the Roman government sooner or later, because of the
very nature of it; in fact, it had become quite irritating and pressure had
been brought to eradi‑
it. The splendid mansion of Electa was singled out as one to be visited. The
edict of the Roman government was issued against every one who professed the
Christian religion. All who were suspected of holding to the Faith were
commanded to trample upon the cross that was handed to them, as a testimony of
this renunciation. Electa absolutely refused to obey the edict. She spurned
the test, and she and her family were forthwith cast into a dungeon for twelve
months. At the end of the time the judge, who had often shared her
hospitality, appeared and offered her another opportunity to recant from
Christianity, and again she refused. Thereupon she was dragged forth and
savagely scourged nearly to death, and then dragged to a hill where she and
her entire family were nailed to the cross. She was the last one to meet that
fate, and she was compelled to witness the tragic death of her husband and
children. She is quoted as saying with her expiring breath: "Father, forgive
them, for they know not what they do." She professed her faith to the whole
world, al‑though she knew what reproaches, and persecutions, even unto death,
she must undergo for the stand that she took. It meant loss of good name,
wealth, means of doing good, liberty, family, and death itself. Yet she was
willing to undergo all these things for the love of Christ and for the
Christian religion in which she showed such implicit faith. What a
heritage was hers! "For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle
were dissolved, we have a building in God, a house not made with hands,
eternal in the heavens." Electa, the martyr to her Christian faith, stands out
as a striking example of the life and death of the. early Christians. She is
also an example of the Eternal Truth as laid down by Jesus when He said: "I am
the Way, the Truth and the Life, and no man cometh unto the Father except by
Me." "Let us love one another."
cares press heavy on the heart, And all is gloom around, Where shall we fix
the heavy eye, In all this mortal bound? What emblem has the mourner here?
What love to warm, what light to cheer? Thine, true Electa, thine which tells
Of His distress and thine! The cross upon whose rugged limbs Ye both did bleed
and pine! The cross by heavenly wisdom given To raise our thoughts from earth
as Jesus died, upon the tree - Was ever worthier sacrifice than hers? Sacred
the Cross, the nail, the thorn; for He Who suffered has redeemed them from the
curse; Just as she passed to bless eternity She pled forgiveness to her
program, like Martha, may be given at a regular meeting, "for the Good of the
Order." Electa should have her emblem, the cup, beside her. Those taking part
in the choir should sit near the piano.
INTRODUCTION BY WORTHY MATRON
fifth heroine, Electa, lived during the time when Christians were persecuted
by the Romans. She was a pagan, but had been converted to Christianity. Like
other Christian martyrs, she remained loyal to her faith in spite of
band of Roman soldiers commanded her to trample upon the cross, the symbol of
her Christian faith, she refused to obey. The penalty for this defiance and
refusal to worship the Roman gods was death. Electa had the courage of her
convictions and preferred death and torture rather than give up her worship of
God. She was a noble lady who was held in great esteem and honor for her many
deeds of charity and benevolence.
The second epistle of John is a letter by him (John) to the Elect Lady and her
elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth, and not
I only, but also all they that have known the truth; "For the truth's sake,
which dwelleth in us, and shall be with us forever. (1, 2.) "I rejoiced
greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a
commandment from the Father.
now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a new commandment unto thee,
but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another. (4, 5.)"
Charity, hospitality and benevolence are inspired from a spirit of helpfulness
and kindness. Love of humanity has ever inspired mankind to noble deeds.
Charity is another name for love of humanity. The Apostle Paul comments on
Charity: "And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest
of these is charity. - I Corinthians 13.
holds up her emblem, the Cup, while the choir sings.
"BLESSED ASSURANCE" Blessed assurance, Jesus is mine, O what a foretaste of
glory divine! Heir of salvation, purchase. of God, Born of His spirit, washed
in His blood.
This is my story, this is my song; Praising my Saviour all the day long. This
is my story, this is my song; Praising my Saviour all the day long.
Perfect submission, perfect delight, Visions of rapture now burst on my sight.
Angels descending, bring from above Echoes of mercy, whispers of love.
Perfect submission, all is at rest, I, in my Saviour, am happy and blest.
Watching and waiting, looking above, Filled with His goodness, first in His
CHORUS The poem, "Charity," may be given by any member.
CHARITY Stern winter comes with icy footsteps speedy, And many hearts are
filled with doubts and fear; Our duty 'tis to aid the poor and needy, Who have
no home, or but a chamber drear.
fulfill the sacred word once spoken : That he who giveth, lendeth to the Lord.
freely give! This word shall ne'er be broken, The giver's heart shall feel
lovely charity with blessings 'bounding, Go! lend thine aid unto all in
distress; And let thy voice repeat in tones resounding: Give to the poor!
yourself you'll bless! Whene'er the cry of poverty resoundeth, Sweet charity,
0 hasten thy relief! Pursue thy noble task! for want aboundeth.
driest tears and calmest bitter grief, Let all the world thy fair example
things are proved by the still voice within; And they who give to those
oppressed with sorrow, A higher prize than gold can buy shall win.
lovely charity with blessings 'bounding; Go! lend thine aid unto all in
distress; And let thy voice repeat in tones resounding: Give to the poor!
yourself you'll bless! - From Union Prayer Book.
by choir or as a solo from Gospel Hymns.
THY BREAD UPON THE WATERS" "For thou shall find it after many days." -
thy bread upon the waters, You who have but scant supply; Angels eyes will
watch above it; You shall find it by and by; He who in His righteous balance,
Doth each human action weigh, Will your sacrifice remember, Will your loving
thy bread upon the waters, Sad and weary, worn with care; Often sitting in the
shadow, Have you not a crumb to spare? Can you not to those around you Sing
some little song of hope, As you with longing vision Through faith's mighty
telescope? Cast thy bread upon the waters, You who have abundant store; It may
float on many a billow, It may strand on many a shore;
may think it lost forever, But, as sure as God is true, In this life, or in
the other, It will yet return to you.
CONCLUSION BY WORTHY PATRON
Fraternal love, sisters and brothers, is based on broad Charity. To exemplify
fraternal love, we must be charitable in thought, word and deed. We must abide
by the Golden Rule: "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." It is
the manner of giving that counts. That which is given willingly and gladly,
with a loving thought, is most acceptable to God and man.
wants us to give Him our life; to consecrate ourselves to His service; to
exemplify our love. The heroines of our Order exemplify such consecration. May
our lives be ever consecrated to God; to what‑ever is good, true and holy; "so
live that life shall be a noble creed." Song by choir.
MY LIFE AND LET IT BE" Take my life and let it be Consecrated, Lord, to Thee;
Take my hands and let them move At the impulse of Thy love.
my feet and let them be Swift and beautiful for Thee; Take my voice and let me
sing Always - only - for my King.
my moments and my days, Let them flow in endless praise; Take my intellect,
and use Ev'ry pow'r as Thou shalt choose.
my will and make it Thine; It shall be no longer mine; Take my heart, it is
Thine own. It shall be Thy royal throne.
my love, my God, I pour At Thy feet its treasure store; Take myself, and I
will be Ever, only, all for Thee.
chapter has not been closed before the program, it is closed in form.
POINTS IN VERSE
True‑blue in courage and self‑sacrifice, The daughter of our Star so calmly
fair Dignified and solemnly drew near The altar and her saddened father there.
the lesson of Fidelity Engraved on hearts in terms of daughter love, And we,
adoring through the years beyond, Can emulate the pattern that she wove.
are violets - your symbol so true, For courage will triumph over all wrong,
This is the reason we all adore you, For daughter‑love that was fine and
Hearing your father, you understood, You came from your mountains with many
friends; Your faith was true and your heart was good, And yours is a story
that never ends.
In the far distant past, from the land of Judea, Naomi, her husband, and two
sons were driven By famine to exile in Moab's far land, Where by death, the
grim specter, those families were riven.
sons had as wives two maidens of Moab, Idolatrous maidens were Orpha and Ruth;
But Ruth later turned to adore the true God, And through life exemplified His
grew bitter through loss of her husband, Her sons, and her impoverished life,
Changed her name of Naomi, meaning of pleasant, To Mara, or bitter, from
trouble and strife.
then thought to return to her homeland, Where kindred and friends might
assuage all her grief; So, bidding farewell to Ruth and to Orpha, Set out to
return to the land of her youth.
Orpha was grieved at the thought of a parting, She soon was agreed to Naomi's
advice; But no thought of self was in fair Ruth's answer. She wanted to pay
for love's duty full price.
deep love she murmured, "Entreat me no longer To leave thee, or never to
follow thee more; Thy people, thy God, are mine as thine own, With thee will I
stay for the God we adore."
made herself exile from all she had known, Attending the poor and aged woman
so dear; And by menial labor, in those harvest fields, Supported Naomi and
added love's cheer.
she, in her loyalty, found minute harvest, There Boaz found Ruth, a kinsman so
fair; Enquiring, observing, he gave of his largess That her path was made
bright by his constant care.
these small beginnings, the seed of love blossomed, The fruits of her toil
through a much burdened life; For Boaz desired her, admiring her virtue, And
happy was Ruth when he chose her for wife.
chronicles tell us that Christ was descended From Ruth, Moabites, and Boaz,
her mate; No reward could be greater, no glory more fitting, For, in choosing
her duty, Ruth did not hesitate.
portrayed through her life that fidelity loyal, Is not different for God than
it is to mankind; And, as she was true to her duties so menial, So in minute
way, in His mill doth God grind.
and old revere the legendary lore, Of the prince who came to Cinderella's aid;
And thrill to the story of kings in their glory, Of King Cephetua and the
grander far, in the past of our Star, Is the story of virtue triumphant o'er
sin; Of a Jewish daughter, and a king who sought her, To acknowledge her
beauty, her heart to win.
was she in four hundred B. C., As captives her parents were carried away, And
forced to disband, in the far Persian land, And the laws of the Emperor forced
parents both dead, she shared kinsmans' bread, And Mordecai raised her to
young womanhood. Mordecai the Jew, in her did imbue All modesty, virtue, the
great and the good.
before, in that land, at an occasion grand, Ahasuerus yielded to a drunken
whim; Violating routine, he ordered his Queen To appear all unveiled for his
guests and for him.
Ahasuerus swore, on that day years before, Queen Vashti must obey his edict's
intent; But the virtuous Queen could herself not demean, And willingly
suffered complete banishment.
maidens beautiful, virtuous, dutiful, Were met that the Emperor might choose a
Queen; With a charm to enthrall and the fairest of all Was Mordecai's Esther,
a beauty serene.
an orphan alone she rose to the throne, Her virtues, once humble, now rose on
the wing; In thought and act stood for all that was good, And upheld the honor
of husband and king.
noble of fame, 'twas Haman by name, Conceived a great hatred of Jews of each
station; Then by craft and guile, this wily Gentile Would kill every Jew in
that mighty nation.
Queen Esther learned of that edict confirmed, Her heart was heavy with deep
despair; For edicts enacted could not be retracted, And loving her people,
their troubles must share.
wisdom was needed, the king had oft heeded To words of advice from his
excellent Queen; In high racial pride did Esther decide Between law and
kinsman she must intervene.
wearing her crown, and fine queenly gown, Against royal precept she drew near
the throne; Amazement and ire from the King's eyes drew fire, That she should
appear in that chamber alone.
delight and pride cast anger aside, Extending the scepter to Esther's fair
hand; He asked her desire and promised entire Acquiescence to anything she
asked that the King would his nobles bring, And Haman as well, to a banquet
that night; There she earned all applause by pleading the cause That meant
life for her people in their desperate plight.
vain anger the King learned the grievious thing, And Haman was punished for
his wickedness; A new edict devised and the Jews authorized To arm and protect
themselves in their distress.
courage and firmness, in virtue to excess, In radiant goodness the fair maiden
grew; Though Persians invest her with fair name Esther, Still Hebrew Hadassah,
meaning lovely, is true.
many years later, we know of no greater, The stories through centuries carry
her fame: By precept, example, in virtue so ample, We still cherish deeply our
Esther's fair name.
Martha a story of glorious faith Unfolds for all hearts that believe; The
promise and glory of life past the tomb, For those who to Christ's promise
Bethany town, by Jerusalem hard by, Lived a brother and sisters, two; And
Lazarus, Martha and Mary were loved By Christ, and in piety grew.
oft from His days in the city, He returned to their lowly abode; For
refreshment and rest He would tarry, And they strove to lighten His load.
Martha misunderstood Mary, And thought she took duty too light; She brought
all her cares to the Master, And He set her feelings aright.
showed her that service differs, Measured by hearts of man; Acceptable service
is willing, With love to fulfill His plan.
Martha, in times of trial Laid all her cares at His feet; Believing that His
divine presence Could miraculous healing mete.
during the absence of Jesus, Lazarus sickened and died; And despair pressed
the heart of Martha, Where faith and deep trust abide.
fourth day Jesus, returning, Met Martha who hastened to Him, Imploringly,
ardently crying, His comfort her heart to brim.
Saying: "Hadst Thou been here, Master, My brother would not have died; And,
even now, shouldst Thou ask it, God will o'er your wish preside." Jesus said,
as He gave her comfort: "Thy brother again shall rise." And Martha agreed that
her brother Would in Resurrection arise.
the Resurrection, And the Life," then Jesus said; "And never a believer dieth,
But liveth, though he were dead." "Believest thou this?" asked the Master; And
Martha's unfaltering trust, Inspired by the teachings of Jesus, Accepted His
promise as just.
lesson taught by our Martha, That we walk by faith, not sight, Will lighten
our night of sorrow, And make our day more bright.
work and responsibility, As Martha exemplified each . . . May we have that
faith in our duty That she in her life did teach.
distant Asia Minor, Two thousand years ago, A gentle maiden, pagan, fair, To
visit Rome did go.
Learning about the Christ‑Child, And of devout Saint Paul, She listened to His
teachings, And heard the Divine call.
Returning to her homeland, She freely spread the Word.
spoke and taught the gospel, And made her teachings heard.
gave her talents bravely, And heeded not the thought That persecution surely
Was what such teaching brought.
walked in piety and faith, And helped the poor and lowly, Sharing her home,
her time, her love, Spreading the gospel holy.
Domitian, the Emperor, Made haste to stop her preaching; Not wealth, nor home,
nor life was spared. She paid the price for teaching.
is the Cross, beneath thy feet Tread on this timber lowly." In true‑faith
love, right to her heart She clasped that emblem holy.
family made full sacrifice. In prison they were hidden To see the error of
their ways, And do as they were bidden.
Another year, again the test, Their love was only dearer; And scourging,
crucifixion, all, But seemed to bring Him nearer.
Elect Lady," said Saint John, Electa, as we know her, Remains a symbol of that
love Through centuries we owe her.
hospitality well‑known, Her charity and sacred love Will bring us closer to
His throne, And guide our steps above.
nearly every village, on Main street everywhere You'll find a building bearing
the Compasses an( Square.
always 'tis two stories, with a stairway ul one side, And a light of various
candlepower, your feet t( safely guide.
find the best folks go there, 'tis where the Masons meet; 'Tis the finest
advertisement you can have on an: street.
course the women can't belong; sex constitute a bar; So they organized the
Chapter, and it is called th Eastern Star.
composed of Master Masons, their daughters, any their wives, Their mothers and
their sisters, and the widow wh survives.
has grown and prospered, and you'll fin upon the wall The charter of the
Chapter in nearly every Masoni hall.
Woman's heart beats most responsive to any nobl need; She hears the widow and
the orphan in their piteou cry of need; And through the Eastern Star she seeks
to hel where'er she can, To do her share promoting the brotherhood of man.
labyrinth of light it sheds some lustrous rays That helps you on life's
journey in all its devious ways.
There's the blue ray of fidelity, fidelity to truth, As exemplified by Adah,
while in the bloom of youth She freely sacrificed her life to keep her
father's vow, And made the story of Jephthah's daughter famous even now.
yellow ray means constancy to kindred and to friends, Through prosperity or
poverty until life's journey ends.
greatest tale of constancy comes from the Book of Truth; 'Tis the story of our
heroine, the humble gleaner, Ruth.
white ray stands for light, for purity and joy; It stayed the hand of people
who sought to plunder and destroy; By a simple sign and token, Esther, robed
in spot‑less white, Saved her people from destruction before a tyrant's might.
stands for hope and immortality, immortality of the soul; Martha's story
teaches us that the grave is not our goal, That whoever believeth in Him shall
never die; That the lowly Man of Galilee is always passing by.
a symbol of fervency, of steadfastness, if you please; Electa, though a
convert, was outstanding in both of these.
was pre‑eminent in charity, greatest virtue of them all; In spite of
persecution, she obeyed the Master's call.
we have these virtues, the chapter brings to you; The Fidelity of Adah, which
we represent with blue; The Constancy of Ruth, with the yellow of pure gold.
The Loyalty of Esther, in white we next behold; The trustful Faith of Martha
in nature's evergreen, And the fervent Love of Electa, in red is always seen.
Fidelity and Constancy, our Loyalty travels far, Spreading Faith and Love and
Charity - that is our Eastern Star.
short addendum is for closing the Chapter, either at a special or at a regular
meeting. It is fitting to precede the closing of the Bible.
Organist strikes a chord and Star Point Officers rise. Adah and Electa take
two steps forward, turn and march west, keeping parallel. After they pass Ruth
and Martha, they, too, step forward, then turn and follow the first two. Adah
and Ruth enter the Labyrinth as for balloting and Electa and Martha enter as
does the Chaplain. As these four enter the Labyrinth, Esther steps forward and
they stand, evenly spaced, around the altar. Each Sister carries a length of
ribbon in appropriate color (this may be, instead, crepe paper strands or
small sprays of flowers) and these are laid at the east side of the altar
(East of the Bible) and at each side, as each verse is spoken.
night is o'er, and our waning Star Its solemn thought impresses, Our Daughters
will serve wherever they are, And so, our Order progresses.
space of active duty done, Our Star for each and every one Is but a pledge
that hope is high.
Widows will serve our bye‑and‑bye.
Another promise for the coming day, Each Wife accepts the lessons that are
taught; We'll hold a torch to brighten someone's way, And serve with loyalty,
with no honor sought.
Perhaps the twilight comes to us each day .. . But I can pledge for our great
Sisterhood The trustful knowledge of a holier way Where there is always a
morning, fine and good.
is no darkness, though we now must part, Our Order, as a Mother, sheltering
stands, And with the love that brims from every heart, A blessing gives that
each heart understands.
bow low to the altar, then turn to face the East, as Choir (or entire Chapter)
sings to the tune of "Brahms Lullaby," the words: All is still, day is o'er,
And the fragrance of memory Of our heart which we adore Blends in each happy
each, now good‑bye, With our fond love at closing; May our Rays light your
ways, While their joys not depart.
return to their stations and the Chapter is closed in due form.
Eastern Star Playlet with Three Characters. Time: Early morning of August 31,
any year. Characters: Mrs. Brown, who is preparing to celebrate. Mary, a
Jones, another neighbor, who just "drops in." Scene: In the kitchen of Mrs.
the scene opens, Mrs. Brown is busy in the kitchen with a cake she has just
Good morning, Mrs. Brown. I suppose you, like my mother, are busy preparing
for the covered‑dish supper tonight.
BROWN: Well, I am not doing so very much, but since it is to celebrate Robert
Morris Day, I thought I would decorate my cake in the Eastern Star colors in
honor of the occasion.
Do you know, that is just why I came over this morning. I want to know what
Robert Morris did that his birthday should be celebrated. Mother said he had
something to do about the Eastern Star when it first started.
BROWN: Yes, Mary, so he did. Rob Morris established the Order of the Eastern
Star about 1 855, although at first the Chapters were called Constellations,
then Families, and then still later the name was changed to Eastern Star.
SO Robert Morris started the very first Chapter? MRS. BROWN: Yes. It is said
that he first conferred the degrees of the Order upon his own wife and a
neighbor Mason and his wife. He wrote a ritual or guide to be used in
conducting the meetings.
He really started a kind of new Club, then, didn't he? MRS. BROWN: Oh, no
indeed! The Eastern Star is not a Club. A Club is organized to carry out the
fads and fancies of some one or some group. But an Order like the Eastern Star
has much deeper reasons for its foundation. The foundation of the East‑ern
Star rests on principles of love of God and love of man - principles set forth
by Jesus Himself about two thousand years ago. Its obligation is the
fulfillment of the divine command - Love. It re‑quires us to give sympathy to
those in sorrow and to make life brighter and happier and to help men and
women to be better and nobler.
BROWN: Good morning, Mrs. Jones. Have this chair by the window where it is
JONES: And how are you, Mary? MARY: I'm real well, thank you.
BROWN: Perhaps you can tell Mary why Rob Morris' birthday should be observed
every year by Eastern Star Chapters. I have just told her that he organized
the first Chapter, although at first the name was not Eastern Star. Can you
tell her some other things about his life?
JONES: Perhaps I can tell you a few things, for I read a very interesting
article some time ago. I remember the article stated that Dr. Rob Morris was
born on August 31, 1818, near Boston, Massachusetts. However, his youth and
early manhood was spent in the South. At the age of twenty‑three, while he was
principal of Mount Sylvan Academy in Mississippi, he was married to Miss
And did they live happily ever after, as the story books say? MRS. JONES: Yes,
I think so, because it was said that his wife was his inspiration and help
through nearly fifty years of wedded bliss.
Oh, boy! That is a truly good love story, isn't it? MRS. BROWN: Yes, it is,
Mary. Short and sweet, and yet it lasted nearly fifty years.
I wish there were more love stories like that. Were there any children in the
family? MRS. JONES: Yes. They had what was considered a rather small family
for those days - only six children.
Only six. Well, that's a bigger family than I would want to take chances in,
especially when cake or pie was being cut.
BROWN: What caused Dr. Morris to think out this plan for an Order like the
JONES: Well, you see, Robert Morris traveled a great deal, but most of his
work was done in La‑Grange, Kentucky, and he called it his home town. In 1846
he became a Mason, and he became so interested he thought and planned very
much for a great fraternity of which he seemed to have a vision, and this
vision was a forerunner of his future work in Masonry and the Eastern Star.
Then is the work of the Eastern Star and of the Masons just alike? MRS. JONES:
No, it is not the same. Dr. Morris realized that an organization that would
appeal to the women must be active and aggressive and carry out its own plan
of work and service in a woman's way.
BROWN: Just think of planning an organization that would prosper and grow to
such an extent that it would spread over nearly all the civilized world. It
was such a wonderful thing to do, to help to make people strive for the better
and finer things of life. Don't you think so? MARY: Amen! I do. Wish I could
think of some‑thing nice to do for someone. Is the Eastern Star a very large
organization? MRS. JONES: Yes, it stands among the first of women's
It does? Somewhat important then, I should say.
JONES: Yes, it has nearly two million members.
BROWN: I have heard that Dr. Morris was a good writer of both prose and
poetry. Did you ever read any of his writings? MRS. JONES: Yes, I have, and I
consider them very good. It is said that no writer of Masonic Literature at
any time in the world's history has written half as much as he did of either
prose or poetry. It is claimed that he lectured in over fifteen hundred lodges
in different parts of the world. While in Jerusalem, he established the first
Masonic Lodge there.
Well, I do not blame you for giving Rob Morris a birthday celebration. He
surely deserves it.
BROWN: Wasn't he, at one time, given some kind of title about poetry?
JONES: Yes, it was "Poet Laureate." That means one who has been appointed to
write poetry to celebrate special occasions. It was the wish of thousands of
Masons that Rob Morris be given this honor. So a ceremony was held in New York
City on December 17, 1884, and a wreath of laurel was placed upon his head as
a token that he had been given the very great honor of being "Poet Laureate of
BROWN: I imagine he had a great many other honors given him, too, about which
we do not hear.
JONES: No doubt of that. One book stated that his honorary memberships and
degrees given by lodges in different parts of the world numbered more than one
hundred and fifty.
I am so glad you could tell me all these things, because I really wanted to
know why mother's Chapter was celebrating the birthday of Rob Morris.
JONES: Well, it has been a pleasure to talk to such an interested listener,
and I am happy to have been of service to you.
Service! Service! Isn't that the very thing that made Dr. Morris great?
Because he wasn't a great king or explorer or millionaire. So it must have
been his service.
JONES: Yes, dear, I think you have the key‑note to it all. He was not a
millionaire, but he was very, very rich in his service to mankind, and in our
Bible we read that "Whosoever has done it unto one of the least of these has
done it unto Me."
ADAH BIBLICAL REFERENCE
Jephthah, the Gileadite was a mighty man of valour, and he was the son of an
harlot: and Gilead begat Jephthah.
Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they thrust out
Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our father's house; for
thou art the son of a strange woman.
Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were
gathered vain men to Jephthah, and went out with him.
it came to pass in process of time, that the children of Ammon made war
it was so, that when the children of Amnion made war against Israel, the
elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah out of the land of Tob:
they said unto Jephthah, Come, and be our captain, that we may fight with the
children of Ammon.
Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and expel me out
of my father's house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?
the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn again to thee now,
that thou mayest go with us, and fight against the children of Ammon, and be
our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.
Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, If ye bring me home again to fight
against the children of Amnion, and the Lord deliver them before me, shall I
be your head?
the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, The Lord be witness between us, if we
do not so according to thy words.
Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and
captain over them: and Jephthah uttered all his words before the Lord in
Jephthah sent messengers unto the king of the children of Ammon, saying, What
hast thou to do with me, that thou art come against me to fight in my land?
the king of the children of Ammon answered unto the messengers of Jephthah,
Because Israel took away my land, when they came up out of Egypt, from Arnon
even unto Jabbok, and unto Jordan: now therefore restore these lands again
Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon:
said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor
the land of the children of Ammon:
when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red
sea, and came to Kadesh;
Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray
thee, pass through thy land; but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto.
And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not consent:
and Israel abode in Kadesh.
Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom,
and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and
pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab:
for Arnon was the border of Moab.
Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon;
and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my
Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his
people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.
the Lord God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of
Israel, and they smote him: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites,
the inhabitants of that country.
they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok,
and from the wilderness even unto Jordan.
now the Lord God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his
people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it? 24 Wilt not thou possess that
which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the Lord our God
shall drive out from before us, them will we possess.
now art thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did
he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them,
While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and
in all the cities that be along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years?
why therefore did ye not recover them within that time?
Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war
against me: the Lord the Judge be judge this day between the children of
Israel and the children of Ammon.
Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of
Jephthah which he sent him.
Then the Spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and
Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he
passed over unto the children of Ammon.
Jephthah vowed a vow unto the Lord, and said, If thou shalt without fail
deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, 2
Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to
meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be
the Lord's and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.
Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the
Lord delivered them into his hands.
he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, even twenty cities,
and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the
children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.
Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and behold, his daughter came out to
meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only child; beside her
he had neither son nor daughter.
it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my
daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble
me: for I have opened my mouth unto the Lord, and I cannot go back.
she said unto him, My father, if thou hast opened thy mouth unto the Lord, do
to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as
the Lord hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, even of the children
she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two
months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity,
I and my fellows.
he said, Go. And he sent her away for two months: and she went with her
companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.
it came to pass at the end of two months, that she re‑turned unto her father,
who did with her according to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man.
And it was a custom in Israel.
That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah
the Gileadite four days in a year.
BIBLICAL REFERENCE BOOK OF RUTH
it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in
the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country
of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.
the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the
name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephratites of Bethlehem‑judah. And
they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
Elimelech Naomi's husband died; and she was left, and her two sons.
they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and
the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years.
Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two
sons and her husband.
she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of
Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the Lord had visited
his people in giving them bread.
Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters
in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah.
Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother's
house: the Lord deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with
Lord grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband.
Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice and wept.
they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people.
Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? are there yet
any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. If
I should say, I have hope, if I should have an husband also to night, and
should also bear sons;
Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from
having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes
that the hand of the Lord is gone out against me.
they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother in
law; but Ruth slave unto her.
she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her
gods; return thou after thy sister in law.
Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after
thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest I will lodge:
thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God:
Where thou diest, I will die, and there will I be buried: the Lord do so to
me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me.
When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left
speaking unto her.
they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they
were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said,
Is this Naomi?
she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath
dealt very bitterly with me.
went out full, and the Lord hath brought me home again empty: why then call ye
me Naomi, seeing the Lord hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath
Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which
returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the
beginning of barley harvest.
Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of
Elimelech; and his name was Boaz.
Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears
of corn after him in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said unto her,
Go, my daughter.
she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap
was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the
kindred of Elimelech.
behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, The Lord be with
you. And they answered him, The Lord bless thee.
said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is
the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the
Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab:
she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the
sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that
she tarried a little in the house.
said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another
field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens:
thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou
them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and
when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young
men have drawn.
Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him,
Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of
me, seeing I am a stranger?
Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou
hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how
thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and
art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore.
Lord recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the Lord God of
Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
Then she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast
comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid,
though I be not like unto one of thine hand‑maidens.
Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and
dip thy morsel in the vinegar. And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached
her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left.
when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her
glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not: 16 And let fall also some
of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them
and rebuke her not.
she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it
was about an ephah of barley.
she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had
gleaned : and brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she
her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where
wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. And she shewed
her mother in law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man's name with
whom I wrought to day is Boaz.
Naomi said unto her daughter in law, Blessed be he of the Lord, who hath not
left off his kindness to the living and to the dead And Naomi said unto her,
The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen.
Ruth the Moabitess said, He said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my
young men, until they have ended all my harvest.
Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, It is good,
daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any
she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest
and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.
Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for
thee, that it may be well with thee? 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred,
with whose maidens thou vast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the
thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get
thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he
shall have done eating and drinking.
it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall
lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down: and he
will tell thee what thou shalt do.
she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do.
she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law
when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at
the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly and uncovered his feet, and
laid her down.
it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and
behold, a woman lay at his feet.
he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth, thy handmaid: spread
therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman.
he said, Blessed be thou of the Lord, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more
kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst
not young men, whether poor or rich.
now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all
the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman.
now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer
Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto
thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's part: but if he
will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a
kinsman to thee, as the Lord liveth: lie down until the morning.
she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know
another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.
Also he said, Bring the veil that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when
she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she
went into the city.
when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And
she told her all that the man had done to her.
she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not
empty unto thy mother in law.
Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will
fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this
went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of
whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit
down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.
he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And
they sat down.
he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of
Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's; 4 And I
thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before
the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt
not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it
beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.
said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy
it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of
the dead upon his inheritance.
the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own
inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.
this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and
concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe,
and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.
Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his
Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day,
that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and
Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi.
Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my
wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of
the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his
place: ye are witnesses this day.
all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses.
The Lord make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like
Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in
Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:
let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the
seed which the Lord shall give thee of this young woman.
Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the Lord
gave her conception and she bare a son.
the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the Lord, which hath not left thee this
day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.
he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old
age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than
seven sons, hath born him.
Naomi took the child and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.
the women her neighbours gave it a name saying, There is a son born to Naomi;
and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, 19 And Hezron begat
Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,
Amminadab begat Nashon, and Nahshon begat Salmon,
Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,
Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.
ESTHER ‑ CHAPTER 1
it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned,
from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty
in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which
was in Shushan the palace,
the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto alf his princes and his
servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the
provinces, being before him:
he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent
majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.
when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that
were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in
the court of the garden of the king's palace;
Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen
and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and
silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.
they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from
another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.
the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had
appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to
every man's pleasure.
Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged
to king Ahasuerus.
the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded
Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven
chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal to shew the people
and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on.
the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his
chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.
Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the
king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment:
the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena,
and Memucan, the seven princes of
and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)
What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not
performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?
Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not
done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the
people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.
this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall
despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king
Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came
Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's
princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too
much contempt and wrath.
it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be
written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered,
That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her
royal estate unto another that is better than she.
when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all
his empire, (for it is great,) All the wives shall,give to their husbands
honour, both to great and small.
the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the
word of Memucan:
he sent letters unto all the king's provinces, into every province according
to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every
man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published
according to the language of every people.
After these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus was appeased, he
remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her.
said the king's servants that ministered unto him, Let there be fair young
virgins sought for the king:
let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom that they
may gather together all the fair young virgins unto Shushan the palace, to the
house of the women, unto the custody of Hege the king's chamberlain, keeper of
the women; and let their things for purification be given them:
let the maiden which pleaseth the king be queen instead of Vashti. And the
thing pleased the king: and he did so.
in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the
son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;
has been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been carried
away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had
he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter: for she had
neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai,
when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.
it came to pass, when the king's commandment and his decree was heard, and
when many maidens were gathered together unto Shushan the palace, to the
custody of Hegai, that Esther was brought also unto the king's house, to the
custody of Hegai, keeper of the women.
the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave
her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and
seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king's house: and
he preferred her and her maids unto the best place of the house of the women.
Esther had not shewed her people nor her kindred: for Mordecai had charged her
that she should not shew it.
Mordecai walked every day before the court of the women's house to know how
Esther did, and what should become of her.
when every maid's turn was come to go in to king Ahasuerus, after that she had
been twelve months, according to the manner of the women, (for so were the
days of their purification accomplished, to wit, six months with oil of myrrh,
and six months with sweet odours, and with other things for the purifying of
the women ;)
Then thus came every maiden unto the king; whatsoever she desired was given
her to go with her out of the house of the women unto the king's house.
the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned into the second house of
the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's chamberlain, which kept the
concubines: she came in unto the king no more, except the king delighted in
her, and that she were called by name.
when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who
had taken her for his daughter, was come to go into the king, she required
nothing but what Hegai the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women,
appointed. And Esther obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked
Esther was taken unto king Ahasuerus into his house royal in the tenth month,
which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.
the king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and favour
in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon
her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti.
Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, even
Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts,
according to the state of the king.
when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in
the king's gate.
Esther had not yet shewed her kindred nor her people; as Mordecai had charged
her: for Esther did the commandment of Mordecai, like as when she was brought
up with him.
those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's
chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept the door, were wroth,
and sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.
the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it unto Esther the queen; and Esther
certified the king thereof in Mordecai's name.
when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they were
both hanged on a tree: and it was written in the book of the chronicles before
After these things did King Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the
Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were
all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced
Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not,
nor did him reverence.
the king's servants, which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why
transgressest thou the king's commandment?
it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto
them that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's manners would stand: for
he had told them that he was a Jew.
when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman
full of wrath.
he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the
people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were
throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.
the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of King
Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and
from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month of Adar.
Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and
dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws
are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it
is not for the king's profit to suffer them.
it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed:
will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the
charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.
the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of
Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do
with them as it seemeth good to thee.
Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month,
and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the
king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to
the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof,
and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it
written, and sealed with the king's ring.
the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to
kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children
and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month,
which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey.
copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was
published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day.
posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was
given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the
city Shushan was perplexed.
Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on
sack‑cloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with
a loud and bitter cry; 2 And came even before the king's gate: for none might
enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.
in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came,
there was a great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, weeping, and wailing;
and many lay in sack‑cloth and ashes.
Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it her. Then was the queen
exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away
his sackcloth from him: but he received it not.
called Esther for Hatach, one of the king's chamberlains, whom he had
appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to know
what it was, and why it was.
Hatach went forth to Mordecai unto the street of the city, which was before
the king's gate.
Mordecai told him of all that had happened unto him,
the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's treasuries
for the Jews, to destroy them.
he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to
destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and to declare it unto her, and to
charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make supplication unto him,
and to make request before him for her people.
Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai.
Again Esther spoke unto Hatach, and gave him commandment unto Mordecai;
the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that
whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come unto the king into the inner
court, who is not called, there is one law of his to put him to death, except
such to whom the king shall hold out the golden sceptre, that he may live: but
I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days.
they told to Mordecai Esther's words.
Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not thy self that thou shalt
escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews.
if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall their
enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from an‑other place; but thou
and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art
come to the kingdom for such a time as this?
Then Esther bade them return Mordecai this answer,
gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me
and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will
fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to
the law: and if I perish, I perish.
Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded him.
it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and
stood in the inner court of the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal
throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, that she
obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden
sceptre that was in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the
said the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen Esther? and what is thy request?
it shall be even given thee to the half of the kingdom.
Esther answered, If it seem good unto the king, let the king and Haman come
this day unto the banquet that I have pre‑pared for him.
the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Esther hath said.
So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared.
the king said unto Esther at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition? and it
shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? even to the half of the
kingdom it shall be performed.
answered Esther, and said, My petition and my request is: 8 If I have found
favour in the sight of the king, and if it please the king to grant my
petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the
banquet that I shall prepare for them, and I will do tomorrow as the king hath
went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw
Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was
full of indignation against Mordecai.
Nevertheless Haman refrained himself: and when he came home, he sent and
called for his friends and Zeresh his wife.
Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children,
and all the things wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced
him above the princes and servants of the king.
Haman said moreover, Yea, Esther the queen did let no man come in with the
king unto the banquet that she had prepared but myself; and to morrow am I
invited unto her also with the king.
all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the
Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made
of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may
be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet: and
the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.
that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of
records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.
it was found written that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the
king's chamberlains, the keepers of the door who sought to lay hand on the
the king said, What honour and dignity hath been done to Mordecai for this?
Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him, There is nothing done
the king said, Who is in the court? Now Haman was come into the outward court
of the king's house, to speak unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows
that he had prepared for him.
the king's servants said unto him, Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And
the king said, Let him come in.
Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What shall be done unto the man
whom the king delighteth to honour? Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom
would the king delight to do honour more than to myself?
Haman answered the king. For the man whom the king delighteth to honour,
the royal apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that
the king rideth upon and the crown royal which is set upon his head:
let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most
noble princes, that they may array the man withal whom the king delighteth to
honour, and bring him on horse‑back through the street of the city, and
proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth
Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse,
as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the
king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken.
Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought
him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him,
Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.
Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house
mourning, and having his head covered.
Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had befallen
him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai be of
the seed of the Jews, before whom thou has begun to fall, thou shalt not
prevail against him, but shall surely fall before him.
while they were yet talking with him came the king's chamberlains, and hasted
to bring Haman unto the banquet that Esther had prepared.
the king and Haman came to the banquet with Esther the queen.
the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What
is thy petition, queen Esther? and what is thy request? and it shall be
performed, even to the half of the kingdom.
Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, 0
king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and
my people at my request:
we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But
if we had been sold for bondmen and bond‑
I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's
the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and
where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so?
Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was
afraid before the king and the queen.
the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace
garden: and Haman stood up to make a request for his life to Esther the queen;
for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.
the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of
wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. Then said the
king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went
out from the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the
gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken
good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang
they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was
the king's wrath pacified.
that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of Haman the Jew's enemy unto
Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what
he was unto her.
the king took off his ring which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto
Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and
besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his
device that he had devised against the Jews.
the king held out the golden sceptre towards Esther. And so Esther arose, and
stood before the king, and said, If it please the king, and if I have found
favour in his sight, and the thing seem right before the king, and I be
pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by
Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews
which are in all the king's provinces:
how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people: or how can I
endure to see the destruction of my kindred?
the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold
I have given Esther the house of Haman,
him they have hanged upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.
Write ye also for the Jews, as it Iiketh you, in the king's name, and seal it
with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and
sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse.
were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the
month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written
according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the
lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India
unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province
according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language,
and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.
he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name and sealed it with the king's ring, and
sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders on mules, camels, and young
Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather
themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, and to slay, and
to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would
assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a
Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely upon the
thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province. was
published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day
to avenge themselves on their enemies.
the posts that rode upon mules and camels went out, being hastened and pressed
on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace.
Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and
white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and
purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.
in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and
his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And
many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon
in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the
same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in
execution, in the day that the enemies
Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary,
that the Jews had rule of them that hated them;)
Jews gathered themselves together in their cities through out all the
provinces of the king Ahasuerus to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and
no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.
all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and
officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon
Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his frame went out throughout all
the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater.
the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter,
and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them.
in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men.
Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,
Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,
Parmashta, and Arisai and Aridai, and Vajezatha,
ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but
on the spoil laid they not their hand.
that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was brought
before the king.
the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five
hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they
done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what is thy petition? and it
shall be granted thee: or what is thy request further? and it shall be done.
Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which
are in Shushan to do to morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let
Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows.
the king commanded it so to be done; and the decree was given at Shushan; and
they hanged Haman's ten sons.
the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth
day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the
prey they laid not their hand.
the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together,
and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their
foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey.
the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same
rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on
thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth
day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the
fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good
day, and of sending portions one to another.
Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in
all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,
stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the
month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,
the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was
turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that
they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to
another, and gifts to the poor.
the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto
Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews,
had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the
lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked
device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head,
and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for
all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this
matter, and which had come unto them.
Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed and upon all such as
joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep
these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed
time every year;
that these days should be remembered and kept through‑out every generation,
every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim
should not fail from among the Jews nor the memorial of them perish from their
Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote
with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.
he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven
provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,
confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed,
according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as
they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the
fastings and their cry.
the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in
the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the
all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the
greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are they not written
in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?
Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and
accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people,
and speaking peace to all his seed.
MARTHA BIBLICAL REFERENCE
a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her
was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with
her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.)
Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest
Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory
of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.
Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.
he had heard therefore that he was sick, he abode two days still in the same
place where he was.
after that saith he to his disciples, Let us go into Judea again.
disciples say unto him, Master, the Jews of late sought to stone thee; and
goest thou thither again?
Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the
day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.
But, if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in
These things said he: and after that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus
sleepeth: but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.
Then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
Howbeit Jesus spake of his death: but they thought that he had spoken of
taking of rest in sleep.
Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead.
I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, to the intent ye may believe;
nevertheless let us go unto him.
Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his fellow‑disciples, Let us
also go, that we may die with him.
Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days
Bethany was nigh unto Jerusalem, about fifteen fur‑longs off:
many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their
Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him: but
Mary sat still in the house.
Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not
I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it thee.
Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again.
Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at
the last day.
Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in
me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God,
which should come into the world.
when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her sister secretly,
saying, The Master is come and calleth for thee.
soon as she heard that, she arose quickly, and came unto him.
Jesus was not yet come into the town, but was in that place where Martha met
Jews then which were with her in the house, and comforted her, when they saw
Mary, that she rose up hastily and went out, followed her, saying, She goeth
unto the grave to weep there.
Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his
feet, saying unto him, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came
with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,
said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.
Then said the Jews, Behold how he loved him!
some of them said, Could not this man, which opened the eyes of the blind,
have caused that even this man should not have died?
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave,
and a stone lay upon it.
Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead,
saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four
Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe,
thou shouldest see the glory of God?
Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid. And
Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard
I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I
said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me.
when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth.
he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his
face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let
Then many of the Jews which came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus
did, believed on him.
some of them went their ways to the Pharisees, and told them what things Jesus
Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do
we? for this man doeth many miracles.
we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come
and take away both our place and nation.
one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto
them, Ye know nothing at all,
consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people,
and that the whole nation perish not.
this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied
that Jesus should die for that nation;
not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the
children of God that were scattered abroad.
Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.
Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews; but went thence unto a
country near to the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim, and there
continued with his disciples.
the Jews' passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to
Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves.
Then sought they for Jesus, and spake among themselves, as they stood in the
temple, What think ye, that he will not come to the feast?
both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a commandment, that, if any
man knew where he were, he should shew it, that they might take him.
ELECTA BIBLICAL REFERENCE
elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not
I only, but also all they that have known the truth;
the truth's sake, which dwelleth in us, and shall be in us forever.
Grace be with you mercy and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord
Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love.
rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have
received a commandment from the Father.
now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a new commandment unto thee,
but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another.
this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment,
That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it.
many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ
is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an anti‑Christ.
to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that
we receive a full reward.
Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, he hath
both the Father and the Son.
there come any unto you and bring not this doctrine, hath not God, receive him
not into your house, neither bid him God speed:
he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.
Having many things to write unto you, I would not write with pen and ink: but
I trust to come unto you, and speak face to face, that our joy may be full.
children of thy elect sister greet thee. Amen.